lp(1) Apple Inc. lp(1)
lp - print files
lp [ -E ] [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -d destination[/instance] ] [ -h hostname[:port] ] [ -m
] [ -n num-copies ] [ -o option[=value] ] [ -q priority ] [ -s ] [ -t title ] [ -H han-
dling ] [ -P page-list ] [ -- ] [ file(s) ]
lp [ -E ] [ -U username ] [ -c ] [ -h hostname[:port] ] [ -i job-id ] [ -n num-copies ] [
-o option[=value] ] [ -q priority ] [ -t title ] [ -H handling ] [ -P page-list ]
lp submits files for printing or alters a pending job. Use a filename of "-" to force
printing from the standard input.
THE DEFAULT DESTINATION
CUPS provides many ways to set the default destination. The "LPDEST" and "PRINTER" envi-
ronment variables are consulted first. If neither are set, the current default set using
the lpoptions(1) command is used, followed by the default set using the lpadmin(8) com-
The following options are recognized by lp:
Marks the end of options; use this to print a file whose name begins with a dash (-).
Forces encryption when connecting to the server.
Specifies the username to use when connecting to the server.
This option is provided for backwards-compatibility only. On systems that support it,
this option forces the print file to be copied to the spool directory before print-
ing. In CUPS, print files are always sent to the scheduler via IPP which has the same
Prints files to the named printer.
Chooses an alternate server.
Specifies an existing job to modify.
Sends an email when the job is completed.
Sets the number of copies to print from 1 to 100.
-o "name=value [name=value ...]"
Sets one or more job options.
Sets the job priority from 1 (lowest) to 100 (highest). The default priority is 50.
Do not report the resulting job IDs (silent mode.)
Sets the job name.
Specifies when the job should be printed. A value of immediate will print the file
immediately, a value of hold will hold the job indefinitely, and a UTC time value
(HH:MM) will hold the job until the specified UTC (not local) time. Use a value of
resume with the -i option to resume a held job. Use a value of restart with the -i
option to restart a completed job.
Specifies which pages to print in the document. The list can contain a list of num-
bers and ranges (#-#) separated by commas (e.g. 1,3-5,16). The page numbers refer to
the output pages and not the document's original pages - options like "number-up" can
affect the numbering of the pages.
COMMON JOB OPTIONS
Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the lpoptions(1) command, the follow-
ing generic options are available:
Sets the page size to size. Most printers support at least the size names "a4", "let-
ter", and "legal".
Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees).
Prints on one or two sides of the paper. The value "two-sided-long-edge" is normally
used when printing portrait (unrotated) pages, while "two-sided-short-edge" is used
for landscape pages.
Scales the print file to fit on the page.
Prints multiple document pages on each output page.
Sets the number of characters per inch to use when printing a text file. The default
Sets the number of lines per inch to use when printing a text file. The default is 6.
Sets the page margins when printing text files. The values are in points - there are
72 points to the inch.
Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":
lp -d foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename
Print an image across 4 pages:
lp -d bar -o scaling=200 filename
Print a text file with 12 characters per inch, 8 lines per inch, and a 1 inch left margin:
lp -d bar -o cpi=12 -o lpi=8 -o page-left=72 filename
Unlike the System V printing system, CUPS allows printer names to contain any printable
character except SPACE, TAB, "/", or "#". Also, printer and class names are not case-sen-
The "q" option accepts a different range of values than the Solaris lp command, matching
the IPP job priority values (1-100, 100 is highest priority) instead of the Solaris values
(0-39, 0 is highest priority).
cancel(1), lpadmin(8), lpmove(8), lpoptions(1), lpstat(1),
Copyright 2007-2013 by Apple Inc.
16 July 2012 CUPS lp(1)