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EDITCAP(1)			  The Wireshark Network Analyzer		       EDITCAP(1)

NAME
       editcap - Edit and/or translate the format of capture files

SYNOPSIS
       editcap [ -A <start time> ] [ -B <stop time> ] [ -c <packets per file> ] [ -C <choplen> ]
       [ -E <error probability> ] [ -F <file format> ] [ -h ] [ -i <seconds per file> ] [ -r ]
       [ -s <snaplen> ] [ -S <strict time adjustment> ] [ -t <time adjustment> ]
       [ -T <encapsulation type> ] [ -v ] infile outfile [ packet#[-packet#] ... ]

       editcap	-d  |  -D <dup window>	|  -w <dup time window>  [ -v ] infile outfile

DESCRIPTION
       Editcap is a program that reads some or all of the captured packets from the infile,
       optionally converts them in various ways and writes the resulting packets to the capture
       outfile (or outfiles).

       By default, it reads all packets from the infile and writes them to the outfile in pcap
       file format.

       An optional list of packet numbers can be specified on the command tail; individual packet
       numbers separated by whitespace and/or ranges of packet numbers can be specified as
       start-end, referring to all packets from start to end.  By default the selected packets
       with those numbers will not be written to the capture file.  If the -r flag is specified,
       the whole packet selection is reversed; in that case only the selected packets will be
       written to the capture file.

       Editcap can also be used to remove duplicate packets.  Several different options (-d, -D
       and -w) are used to control the packet window or relative time window to be used for
       duplicate comparison.

       Editcap is able to detect, read and write the same capture files that are supported by
       Wireshark.  The input file doesn't need a specific filename extension; the file format and
       an optional gzip compression will be automatically detected.  Near the beginning of the
       DESCRIPTION section of wireshark(1) or
       <http://www.wireshark.org/docs/man-pages/wireshark.html> is a detailed description of the
       way Wireshark handles this, which is the same way Editcap handles this.

       Editcap can write the file in several output formats. The -F flag can be used to specify
       the format in which to write the capture file; editcap -F provides a list of the available
       output formats.

OPTIONS
       -A  <start time>
	   Saves only the packets whose timestamp is on or after start time.  The time is given
	   in the following format YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS

       -B  <stop time>
	   Saves only the packets whose timestamp is before stop time.	The time is given in the
	   following format YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS

       -c  <packets per file>
	   Splits the packet output to different files based on uniform packet counts with a
	   maximum of <packets per file> each. Each output file will be created with a suffix
	   -nnnnn, starting with 00000. If the specified number of packets is written to the
	   output file, the next output file is opened. The default is to use a single output
	   file.

       -C  <choplen>
	   Sets the chop length to use when writing the packet data. Each packet is chopped by a
	   few <choplen> bytes of data. Positive values chop at the packet beginning while
	   negative values chop at the packet end.

	   This is useful for chopping headers for decapsulation of an entire capture or in the
	   rare case that the conversion between two file formats leaves some random bytes at the
	   end of each packet.

       -d  Attempts to remove duplicate packets.  The length and MD5 hash of the current packet
	   are compared to the previous four (4) packets.  If a match is found, the current
	   packet is skipped.  This option is equivalent to using the option -D 5.

       -D  <dup window>
	   Attempts to remove duplicate packets.  The length and MD5 hash of the current packet
	   are compared to the previous <dup window> - 1 packets.  If a match is found, the
	   current packet is skipped.

	   The use of the option -D 0 combined with the -v option is useful in that each packet's
	   Packet number, Len and MD5 Hash will be printed to standard out.  This verbose output
	   (specifically the MD5 hash strings) can be useful in scripts to identify duplicate
	   packets across trace files.

	   The <dup window> is specified as an integer value between 0 and 1000000 (inclusive).

	   NOTE: Specifying large <dup window> values with large tracefiles can result in very
	   long processing times for editcap.

       -E  <error probability>
	   Sets the probability that bytes in the output file are randomly changed.  Editcap uses
	   that probability (between 0.0 and 1.0 inclusive) to apply errors to each data byte in
	   the file.  For instance, a probability of 0.02 means that each byte has a 2% chance of
	   having an error.

	   This option is meant to be used for fuzz-testing protocol dissectors.

       -F  <file format>
	   Sets the file format of the output capture file.  Editcap can write the file in
	   several formats, editcap -F provides a list of the available output formats. The
	   default is the pcap format.

       -h  Prints the version and options and exits.

       -i  <seconds per file>
	   Splits the packet output to different files based on uniform time intervals using a
	   maximum interval of <seconds per file> each. Each output file will be created with a
	   suffix -nnnnn, starting with 00000. If packets for the specified time interval are
	   written to the output file, the next output file is opened. The default is to use a
	   single output file.

       -r  Reverse the packet selection.  Causes the packets whose packet numbers are specified
	   on the command line to be written to the output capture file, instead of discarding
	   them.

       -s  <snaplen>
	   Sets the snapshot length to use when writing the data.  If the -s flag is used to
	   specify a snapshot length, packets in the input file with more captured data than the
	   specified snapshot length will have only the amount of data specified by the snapshot
	   length written to the output file.

	   This may be useful if the program that is to read the output file cannot handle
	   packets larger than a certain size (for example, the versions of snoop in Solaris
	   2.5.1 and Solaris 2.6 appear to reject Ethernet packets larger than the standard
	   Ethernet MTU, making them incapable of handling gigabit Ethernet captures if jumbo
	   packets were used).

       -S  <strict time adjustment>
	   Time adjust selected packets to insure strict chronological order.

	   The <strict time adjustment> value represents relative seconds specified as
	   [-]seconds[.fractional seconds].

	   As the capture file is processed each packet's absolute time is possibly adjusted to
	   be equal to or greater than the previous packet's absolute timestamp depending on the
	   <strict time adjustment> value.

	   If <strict time adjustment> value is 0 or greater (e.g. 0.000001) then only packets
	   with a timestamp less than the previous packet will adjusted.  The adjusted timestamp
	   value will be set to be equal to the timestamp value of the previous packet plus the
	   value of the <strict time adjustment> value.  A <strict time adjustment> value of 0
	   will adjust the minimum number of timestamp values necessary to insure that the
	   resulting capture file is in strict chronological order.

	   If <strict time adjustment> value is specified as a negative value, then the timestamp
	   values of all packets will be adjusted to be equal to the timestamp value of the
	   previous packet plus the absolute value of the <lt>strict time adjustment<gt> value. A
	   <strict time adjustment> value of -0 will result in all packets having the timestamp
	   value of the first packet.

	   This feature is useful when the trace file has an occasional packet with a negative
	   delta time relative to the previous packet.

       -t  <time adjustment>
	   Sets the time adjustment to use on selected packets.  If the -t flag is used to
	   specify a time adjustment, the specified adjustment will be applied to all selected
	   packets in the capture file.  The adjustment is specified as [-]seconds[.fractional
	   seconds].  For example, -t 3600 advances the timestamp on selected packets by one hour
	   while -t -0.5 reduces the timestamp on selected packets by one-half second.

	   This feature is useful when synchronizing dumps collected on different machines where
	   the time difference between the two machines is known or can be estimated.

       -T  <encapsulation type>
	   Sets the packet encapsulation type of the output capture file.  If the -T flag is used
	   to specify an encapsulation type, the encapsulation type of the output capture file
	   will be forced to the specified type.  editcap -T provides a list of the available
	   types. The default type is the one appropriate to the encapsulation type of the input
	   capture file.

	   Note: this merely forces the encapsulation type of the output file to be the specified
	   type; the packet headers of the packets will not be translated from the encapsulation
	   type of the input capture file to the specified encapsulation type (for example, it
	   will not translate an Ethernet capture to an FDDI capture if an Ethernet capture is
	   read and '-T fddi' is specified). If you need to remove/add headers from/to a packet,
	   you will need od(1)/text2pcap(1).

       -v  Causes editcap to print verbose messages while it's working.

	   Use of -v with the de-duplication switches of -d, -D or -w will cause all MD5 hashes
	   to be printed whether the packet is skipped or not.

       -w  <dup time window>
	   Attempts to remove duplicate packets.  The current packet's arrival time is compared
	   with up to 1000000 previous packets.  If the packet's relative arrival time is less
	   than or equal to the <dup time window> of a previous packet and the packet length and
	   MD5 hash of the current packet are the same then the packet to skipped.  The duplicate
	   comparison test stops when the current packet's relative arrival time is greater than
	   <dup time window>.

	   The <dup time window> is specified as seconds[.fractional seconds].

	   The [.fractional seconds] component can be specified to nine (9) decimal places
	   (billionths of a second) but most typical trace files have resolution to six (6)
	   decimal places (millionths of a second).

	   NOTE: Specifying large <dup time window> values with large tracefiles can result in
	   very long processing times for editcap.

	   NOTE: The -w option assumes that the packets are in chronological order.  If the
	   packets are NOT in chronological order then the -w duplication removal option may not
	   identify some duplicates.

EXAMPLES
       To see more detailed description of the options use:

	   editcap -h

       To shrink the capture file by truncating the packets at 64 bytes and writing it as Sun
       snoop file use:

	   editcap -s 64 -F snoop capture.pcap shortcapture.snoop

       To delete packet 1000 from the capture file use:

	   editcap capture.pcap sans1000.pcap 1000

       To limit a capture file to packets from number 200 to 750 (inclusive) use:

	   editcap -r capture.pcap small.pcap 200-750

       To get all packets from number 1-500 (inclusive) use:

	   editcap -r capture.pcap first500.pcap 1-500

       or

	   editcap capture.pcap first500.pcap 501-9999999

       To exclude packets 1, 5, 10 to 20 and 30 to 40 from the new file use:

	   editcap capture.pcap exclude.pcap 1 5 10-20 30-40

       To select just packets 1, 5, 10 to 20 and 30 to 40 for the new file use:

	   editcap -r capture.pcap select.pcap 1 5 10-20 30-40

       To remove duplicate packets seen within the prior four frames use:

	   editcap -d capture.pcap dedup.pcap

       To remove duplicate packets seen within the prior 100 frames use:

	   editcap -D 101 capture.pcap dedup.pcap

       To remove duplicate packets seen equal to or less than 1/10th of a second:

	   editcap -w 0.1 capture.pcap dedup.pcap

       To display the MD5 hash for all of the packets (and NOT generate any real output file):

	   editcap -v -D 0 capture.pcap /dev/null

       or on Windows systems

	   editcap -v -D 0 capture.pcap NUL

       To advance the timestamps of each packet forward by 3.0827 seconds:

	   editcap -t 3.0827 capture.pcap adjusted.pcap

       To insure all timestamps are in strict chronological order:

	   editcap -S 0 capture.pcap adjusted.pcap

       To introduce 5% random errors in a capture file use:

	   editcap -E 0.05 capture.pcap capture_error.pcap

SEE ALSO
       pcap(3), wireshark(1), tshark(1), mergecap(1), dumpcap(1), capinfos(1), text2pcap(1),
       od(1), pcap-filter(7) or tcpdump(8)

NOTES
       Editcap is part of the Wireshark distribution.  The latest version of Wireshark can be
       found at <http://www.wireshark.org>.

       HTML versions of the Wireshark project man pages are available at:
       <http://www.wireshark.org/docs/man-pages>.

AUTHORS
	 Original Author
	 -------- ------
	 Richard Sharpe 	  <sharpe[AT]ns.aus.com>

	 Contributors
	 ------------
	 Guy Harris		  <guy[AT]alum.mit.edu>
	 Ulf Lamping		  <ulf.lamping[AT]web.de>

1.10.3					    2013-07-28				       EDITCAP(1)
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