DGST(1) OpenSSL DGST(1)
dgst, md5, md4, md2, sha1, sha, mdc2, ripemd160 - message digests
openssl dgst [-md5|-md4|-md2|-sha1|-sha|-mdc2|-ripemd160|-dss1] [-c] [-d] [-hex] [-binary]
[-out filename] [-sign filename] [-keyform arg] [-passin arg] [-verify filename]
[-prverify filename] [-signature filename] [-hmac key] [file...]
[md5|md4|md2|sha1|sha|mdc2|ripemd160] [-c] [-d] [file...]
The digest functions output the message digest of a supplied file or files in hexadecimal
form. They can also be used for digital signing and verification.
-c print out the digest in two digit groups separated by colons, only relevant if hex
format output is used.
-d print out BIO debugging information.
digest is to be output as a hex dump. This is the default case for a "normal" digest
as opposed to a digital signature.
output the digest or signature in binary form.
filename to output to, or standard output by default.
digitally sign the digest using the private key in "filename".
Specifies the key format to sign digest with. Only PEM and ENGINE formats are
supported by the dgst command.
Use engine id for operations (including private key storage). This engine is not used
as source for digest algorithms, unless it is also specified in the configuration
Pass options to the signature algorithm during sign or verify operations. Names and
values of these options are algorithm-specific.
the private key password source. For more information about the format of arg see the
PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).
verify the signature using the the public key in "filename". The output is either
"Verification OK" or "Verification Failure".
verify the signature using the the private key in "filename".
the actual signature to verify.
create a hashed MAC using "key".
create MAC (keyed Message Authentication Code). The most popular MAC algorithm is HMAC
(hash-based MAC), but there are other MAC algorithms which are not based on hash, for
instance gost-mac algorithm, supported by ccgost engine. MAC keys and other options
should be set via -macopt parameter.
Passes options to MAC algorithm, specified by -mac key. Following options are
supported by both by HMAC and gost-mac:
Specifies MAC key as alphnumeric string (use if key contain printable
characters only). String length must conform to any restrictions of the MAC
algorithm for example exactly 32 chars for gost-mac.
Specifies MAC key in hexadecimal form (two hex digits per byte). Key length
must conform to any restrictions of the MAC algorithm for example exactly 32
chars for gost-mac.
a file or files containing random data used to seed the random number generator, or an
EGD socket (see RAND_egd(3)). Multiple files can be specified separated by a OS-
dependent character. The separator is ; for MS-Windows, , for OpenVMS, and : for all
file or files to digest. If no files are specified then standard input is used.
The digest of choice for all new applications is SHA1. Other digests are however still
If you wish to sign or verify data using the DSA algorithm then the dss1 digest must be
A source of random numbers is required for certain signing algorithms, in particular DSA.
The signing and verify options should only be used if a single file is being signed or
1.0.1e 2013-02-11 DGST(1)