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convert(1)									       convert(1)

NAME
       convert - convert between image formats as well as resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle,
       dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more.

SYNOPSIS
       convert [input-option] input-file [output-option] output-file

OVERVIEW
       The convert program is a member of the ImageMagick(1) suite of tools.  Use it  to  convert
       between	image formats as well as resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on,
       flip, join, re-sample, and much more.

       For   more   information   about   the	convert   command,   point   your   browser    to
       file:///usr/share/doc/ImageMagick-6.7.8/www/convert.html      or      http://www.imagemag-
       ick.org/script/convert.php.

DESCRIPTION
       Image Settings:
	 -adjoin	      join images into a single multi-image file
	 -affine matrix       affine transform matrix
	 -alpha option	      activate, deactivate, reset, or set the alpha channel
	 -antialias	      remove pixel-aliasing
	 -authenticate value  decrypt image with this password
	 -attenuate value     lessen (or intensify) when adding noise to an image
	 -background color    background color
	 -bias value	      add bias when convolving an image
	 -black-point-compensation
			      use black point compensation
	 -blue-primary point  chromaticity blue primary point
	 -bordercolor color   border color
	 -caption string      assign a caption to an image
	 -cdl filename	      color correct with a color decision list
	 -channel type	      apply option to select image channels
	 -colors value	      preferred number of colors in the image
	 -colorspace type     alternate image colorspace
	 -comment string      annotate image with comment
	 -compose operator    set image composite operator
	 -compress type       type of pixel compression when writing the image
	 -decipher filename   convert cipher pixels to plain pixels
	 -define format:option
			      define one or more image format options
	 -delay value	      display the next image after pausing
	 -density geometry    horizontal and vertical density of the image
	 -depth value	      image depth
	 -direction type      render text right-to-left or left-to-right
	 -display server      get image or font from this X server
	 -dispose method      layer disposal method
	 -dither method       apply error diffusion to image
	 -encipher filename   convert plain pixels to cipher pixels
	 -encoding type       text encoding type
	 -endian type	      endianness (MSB or LSB) of the image
	 -family name	      render text with this font family
	 -features distance   analyze image features (e.g. contrast, correlation)
	 -fill color	      color to use when filling a graphic primitive
	 -filter type	      use this filter when resizing an image
	 -flatten	      flatten a sequence of images
	 -font name	      render text with this font
	 -format "string"     output formatted image characteristics
	 -fuzz distance       colors within this distance are considered equal
	 -gravity type	      horizontal and vertical text placement
	 -green-primary point chromaticity green primary point
	 -intent type	      type of rendering intent when managing the image color
	 -interlace type      type of image interlacing scheme
	 -interline-spacing value
			      set the space between two text lines
	 -interpolate method  pixel color interpolation method
	 -interword-spacing value
			      set the space between two words
	 -kerning value       set the space between two letters
	 -label string	      assign a label to an image
	 -limit type value    pixel cache resource limit
	 -loop iterations     add Netscape loop extension to your GIF animation
	 -mask filename       associate a mask with the image
	 -matte 	      store matte channel if the image has one
	 -mattecolor color    frame color
	 -monitor	      monitor progress
	 -orient type	      image orientation
	 -page geometry       size and location of an image canvas (setting)
	 -ping		      efficiently determine image attributes
	 -pointsize value     font point size
	 -precision value     maximum number of significant digits to print
	 -preview type	      image preview type
	 -quality value       JPEG/MIFF/PNG compression level
	 -quiet 	      suppress all warning messages
	 -red-primary point   chromaticity red primary point
	 -regard-warnings     pay attention to warning messages
	 -remap filename      transform image colors to match this set of colors
	 -respect-parentheses settings remain in effect until parenthesis boundary
	 -sampling-factor geometry
			      horizontal and vertical sampling factor
	 -scene value	      image scene number
	 -seed value	      seed a new sequence of pseudo-random numbers
	 -size geometry       width and height of image
	 -statistic type geometry
			      replace each pixel with corresponding statistic from the	neighbor-
       hood
	 -stretch type	      render text with this font stretch
	 -stroke color	      graphic primitive stroke color
	 -strokewidth value   graphic primitive stroke width
	 -style type	      render text with this font style
	 -support factor      resize support: > 1.0 is blurry, < 1.0 is sharp
	 -synchronize	      synchronize image to storage device
	 -taint 	      declare the image as modified
	 -texture filename    name of texture to tile onto the image background
	 -tile-offset geometry
			      tile offset
	 -treedepth value     color tree depth
	 -transparent-color color
			      transparent color
	 -undercolor color    annotation bounding box color
	 -units type	      the units of image resolution
	 -verbose	      print detailed information about the image
	 -view		      FlashPix viewing transforms
	 -virtual-pixel method
			      virtual pixel access method
	 -weight type	      render text with this font weight
	 -white-point point   chromaticity white point

       Image Operators:
	 -adaptive-blur geometry
			      adaptively blur pixels; decrease effect near edges
	 -adaptive-resize geometry
			      adaptively resize image with data dependent triangulation
	 -adaptive-sharpen geometry
			      adaptively sharpen pixels; increase effect near edges
	 -annotate geometry text
			      annotate the image with text
	 -auto-gamma	      automagically adjust gamma level of image
	 -auto-level	      automagically adjust color levels of image
	 -auto-orient	      automatically orient image
	 -bench iterations    measure performance
	 -black-threshold value
			      force all pixels below the threshold into black
	 -blue-shift factor   simulate a scene at nighttime in the moonlight
	 -blur geometry       reduce image noise and reduce detail levels
	 -border geometry     surround image with a border of color
	 -brightness-contrast geometry
			      improve brightness / contrast of the image
	 -charcoal radius     simulate a charcoal drawing
	 -chop geometry       remove pixels from the image interior
	 -clamp 	      restrict pixel range from 0 to the quantum depth
	 -clip		      clip along the first path from the 8BIM profile
	 -clip-mask filename  associate a clip mask with the image
	 -clip-path id	      clip along a named path from the 8BIM profile
	 -colorize value      colorize the image with the fill color
	 -color-matrix matrix apply color correction to the image
	 -contrast	      enhance or reduce the image contrast
	 -contrast-stretch geometry
			      improve contrast by `stretching' the intensity range
	 -convolve coefficients
			      apply a convolution kernel to the image
	 -cycle amount	      cycle the image colormap
	 -deskew threshold    straighten an image
	 -despeckle	      reduce the speckles within an image
	 -distort method args
			      distort images according to given method ad args
	 -draw string	      annotate the image with a graphic primitive
	 -edge radius	      apply a filter to detect edges in the image
	 -emboss radius       emboss an image
	 -enhance	      apply a digital filter to enhance a noisy image
	 -equalize	      perform histogram equalization to an image
	 -evaluate operator value
			      evaluate an arithmetic, relational, or logical expression
	 -extent geometry     set the image size
	 -extract geometry    extract area from image
	 -fft		      implements the discrete Fourier transform (DFT)
	 -flip		      flip image vertically
	 -floodfill geometry color
			      floodfill the image with color
	 -flop		      flop image horizontally
	 -frame geometry      surround image with an ornamental border
	 -function name       apply a function to the image
	 -gamma value	      level of gamma correction
	 -gaussian-blur geometry
			      reduce image noise and reduce detail levels
	 -geometry geometry   preferred size or location of the image
	 -identify	      identify the format and characteristics of the image
	 -ift		      implements the inverse discrete Fourier transform (DFT)
	 -implode amount      implode image pixels about the center
	 -interpolative-resize geometry
			      resize image using 'point sampled' interpolation
	 -lat geometry	      local adaptive thresholding
	 -layers method       optimize or compare image layers
	 -level value	      adjust the level of image contrast
	 -level-colors color,color
			      level image with the given colors
	 -linear-stretch geometry
			      improve  contrast  by  `stretching  with	saturation' the intensity
       range
	 -liquid-rescale geometry
			      rescale image with seam-carving
	 -median geometry     apply a median filter to the image
	 -mode geometry       make each pixel the 'predominant color' of the neighborhood
	 -modulate value      vary the brightness, saturation, and hue
	 -monochrome	      transform image to black and white
	 -morphology method kernel
			      apply a morphology method to the image
	 -motion-blur geometry
			      simulate motion blur
	 -negate	      replace each pixel with its complementary color
	 -noise geometry      add or reduce noise in an image
	 -normalize	      transform image to span the full range of colors
	 -opaque color	      change this color to the fill color
	 -ordered-dither NxN
			      add a noise pattern to the image with specific amplitudes
	 -paint radius	      simulate an oil painting
	 -polaroid angle      simulate a Polaroid picture
	 -posterize levels    reduce the image to a limited number of color levels
	 -print string	      interpret string and print to console
	 -profile filename    add, delete, or apply an image profile
	 -quantize colorspace reduce colors in this colorspace
	 -radial-blur angle   radial blur the image
	 -raise value	      lighten/darken image edges to create a 3-D effect
	 -random-threshold low,high
			      random threshold the image
	 -region geometry     apply options to a portion of the image
	 -render	      render vector graphics
	 -repage geometry     size and location of an image canvas
	 -resample geometry   change the resolution of an image
	 -resize geometry     resize the image
	 -roll geometry       roll an image vertically or horizontally
	 -rotate degrees      apply Paeth rotation to the image
	 -sample geometry     scale image with pixel sampling
	 -scale geometry      scale the image
	 -segment values      segment an image
	 -selective-blur geometry
			      selectively blur pixels within a contrast threshold
	 -sepia-tone threshold
			      simulate a sepia-toned photo
	 -set property value  set an image property
	 -shade degrees       shade the image using a distant light source
	 -shadow geometry     simulate an image shadow
	 -sharpen geometry    sharpen the image
	 -shave geometry      shave pixels from the image edges
	 -shear geometry      slide one edge of the image along the X or Y axis
	 -sigmoidal-contrast geometry
			      lightness rescaling using sigmoidal contrast enhancement
	 -sketch geometry     simulate a pencil sketch
	 -solarize threshold  negate all pixels above the threshold level
	 -sparse-color method args
			      fill in a image based on a few color points
	 -splice geometry     splice the background color into the image
	 -spread amount       displace image pixels by a random amount
	 -strip 	      strip image of all profiles and comments
	 -swirl degrees       swirl image pixels about the center
	 -threshold value     threshold the image
	 -thumbnail geometry  create a thumbnail of the image
	 -tile filename       tile image when filling a graphic primitive
	 -tint value	      tint the image with the fill color
	 -transform	      affine transform image
	 -transparent color   make this color transparent within the image
	 -transpose	      flip image vertically and rotate 90 degrees
	 -transverse	      flop image horizontally and rotate 270 degrees
	 -trim		      trim image edges
	 -type type	      image type
	 -unique-colors       discard all but one of any pixel color
	 -unsharp geometry    sharpen the image
	 -vignette geometry   soften the edges of the image in vignette style
	 -wave geometry       alter an image along a sine wave
	 -white-threshold value
			      force all pixels above the threshold into white

       Image Sequence Operators:
	 -append	      append an image sequence top to bottom (use  +append  for  left  to
       right)
	 -clut		      apply a color lookup table to the image
	 -coalesce	      merge a sequence of images
	 -combine	      combine a sequence of images
	 -composite	      composite image
	 -crop geometry       cut out a rectangular region of the image
	 -deconstruct	      break down an image sequence into constituent parts
	 -evaluate-sequence operator
			      evaluate an arithmetic, relational, or logical expression
	 -flatten	      flatten a sequence of images
	 -fx expression       apply mathematical expression to an image channel(s)
	 -hald-clut	      apply a Hald color lookup table to the image
	 -morph value	      morph an image sequence
	 -mosaic	      create a mosaic from an image sequence
	 -process arguments   process the image with a custom image filter
	 -separate	      separate an image channel into a grayscale image
	 -smush geometry      smush an image sequence together
	 -write filename      write images to this file

       Image Stack Operators:
	 -clone indexes       clone an image
	 -delete indexes      delete the image from the image sequence
	 -duplicate count,indexes
			      duplicate an image one or more times
	 -insert index	      insert last image into the image sequence
	 -reverse	      reverse image sequence
	 -swap indexes	      swap two images in the image sequence

       Miscellaneous Options:
	 -debug events	      display copious debugging information
	 -help		      print program options
	 -log format	      format of debugging information
	 -list type	      print a list of supported option arguments
	 -version	      print version information

       Use  any  setting  or  operator as an output-option.  Only a limited number of setting are
       input-option. They include: -antialias, -caption,  -density,  -define,  -encoding,  -font,
       -pointsize, -size, and -texture as well as any of the miscellaneous options.

       By  default,  the  image format of `file' is determined by its magic number.  To specify a
       particular image format, precede the filename with an image format name and a colon  (i.e.
       ps:image)  or  specify  the  image  type  as the filename suffix (i.e. image.ps).  Specify
       'file' as '-' for standard input or output.

SEE ALSO
       ImageMagick(1)

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 1999-2012 ImageMagick Studio LLC. Additional copyrights and  licenses  apply
       to   this   software,   see   file:///usr/share/doc/ImageMagick-6.7.8/www/license.html  or
       http://www.imagemagick.org/script/license.php

ImageMagick			    Date: 2009/01/10 01:00:00			       convert(1)
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