BSD 2.11 - man page for mkproto (bsd section 8)

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MKPROTO(8)									       MKPROTO(8)

       mkproto - construct a prototype file system

       /usr/sbin/mkproto special proto

       Mkproto	is used to bootstrap a new file system.  First a new file system is created using
       newfs(8).  Mkproto is then used to copy files from the old file system into the	new  file
       system  according to the directions found in the prototype file proto.  The prototype file
       contains tokens separated by spaces or new lines.  The first tokens comprise the  specifi-
       cation for the root directory.  File specifications consist of tokens giving the mode, the
       user-id, the group id, and the initial contents of the file.  The syntax of  the  contents
       field depends on the mode.

       The mode token for a file is a 6 character string.  The first character specifies the type
       of the file.  (The characters -bcd specify regular, block special, character  special  and
       directory files respectively.)  The second character of the type is either u or - to spec-
       ify set-user-id mode or not.  The third is g or - for the set-group-id mode.  The rest  of
       the  mode  is  a  three digit octal number giving the owner, group, and other read, write,
       execute permissions, see chmod(1).

       Two decimal number tokens come after the mode; they specify the user and group ID's of the
       owner of the file.

       If  the	file is a regular file, the next token is a pathname whence the contents and size
       are copied.

       If the file is a block or character special file, two decimal number tokens  follow  which
       give the major and minor device numbers.

       If  the file is a directory, mkproto makes the entries .  and ..  and then reads a list of
       names and (recursively) file specifications for the entries in the directory.  The scan is
       terminated with the token $.

       A sample prototype specification follows:

	    d--777 3 1
	    usr  d--777 3 1
		 sh   ---755 3 1 /bin/sh
		 ken  d--755 6 1
		 b0   b--644 3 1 0 0
		 c0   c--644 3 1 0 0

       fs(5), dir(5), fsck(8), newfs(8)

       There should be some way to specify links.

       There should be some way to specify bad blocks.

       Mkproto	can only be run on virgin file systems.  It should be possible to copy files into
       existent file systems.

       Mkproto can only copy files up to a single level indirect less 4kb.   This  works  out  to
       about 252Kb

4.2 Berkeley Distribution		November 17, 1996			       MKPROTO(8)
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