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newfs(8) [bsd man page]

NEWFS(8)						      System Manager's Manual							  NEWFS(8)

NAME
newfs - construct a new file system SYNOPSIS
/sbin/newfs [ -N ] [ -m free-gap ] [ -n free-modulus ] [ -i bytes ] [ -s size ] [ -T disk-type ] special DESCRIPTION
Newfs is a ``friendly'' front-end to the mkfs(8) program. Newfs(8) will normally read the disklabel from the drive to determine the parti- tion sizes. If the driver for the disk does not support disklabels the -T option must be used to force a search of /etc/disktab for parti- tion information about drive-type. Newfs calculates the appropriate parameters to use in calling mkfs, then builds the file system by forking mkfs. -N causes the mkfs command which would be executed to be printed out without actually creating the file system. The disk specified by spe- cial must be online though so that newfs can read the disklabel. -m allows the specification of the block interleaving of the free list. If not specified or outside the range 1 thru 32 then a value of 2 is used. -n parameter is the freelist modulus (when the -m pattern repeats) and is calculated by newfs to be 1 cylinder in size by default. -i specifies how many bytes per inode to assume when calculating how many inodes to allocate. The default is 4096 bytes per inode. If this results in too few inodes being allocated (there is an absolute maximum of 65500) then decrease the bytes number (which must lie between 512 and 65536). -T must be used if the disk specified by special has not been labeled with the disklabel(8) program. In this case disk-type is used by getdisklabel(3) when searching /etc/disktab. This option is used when the underlying device driver does not support disklabels. Care must be taken that the contents of /etc/disktab match the partition tables in the kernel. -s specifies how many sectors the file system is to contain. There are two sectors per file system block, therefore size should be even. This parameter must be less than or equal to the partition size (as determined from the disklabel or /etc/disktab). An error is printed and no action is taken if the partition size is 0 or too large. NOTE: Mkfs deals in units of filesystem blocks not sectors. Newfs uses sectors. FILES
/etc/disktab disk geometry and partition information mkfs to actually build the file system SEE ALSO
getdisklabel(3), disklabel(8), disktab(5), diskpart(8), fs(5), fsck(8), mkfs(8) BUGS
newfs(8) no longer places boot blocks on the filesystem. That duty has been moved to the disklabel(8) program. If you must place a boot block on a disk whose driver does not support disklabels use dd(1). 4.2 Berkeley Distribution April 12, 1996 NEWFS(8)

Check Out this Related Man Page

DISKTAB(5)						      BSD File Formats Manual							DISKTAB(5)

NAME
disktab -- disk description file SYNOPSIS
#include <disklabel.h> DESCRIPTION
Disktab is a simple database which describes disk geometries and disk partition characteristics. It is used to initialize the disk label on the disk. The format is patterned after the termcap(5) terminal data base. Entries in disktab consist of a number of `:'-separated fields. The first field for each entry gives the names by which a disk's entry may be selected, separated by `|' characters. The last name given should be a long name fully identifying the disk. The optional fields for each entry are: ID Type Description ty str Type of disk (e.g. removable, winchester) dt str Type of controller (e.g. SMD, ESDI, floppy) ns num Number of sectors per track nt num Number of tracks per cylinder nc num Total number of cylinders on the disk sc num Number of sectors per cylinder, ns*nt default su num Number of sectors per unit, sc*nc default se num Sector size in bytes, DEV_BSIZE default sf bool Controller supports bad144-style bad sector forwarding rm num Rotation speed, rpm, 3600 default sk num Sector skew per track, default 0 cs num Sector skew per cylinder, default 0 hs num Headswitch time, usec, default 0 ts num One-cylinder seek time, usec, default 0 il num Sector interleave (n:1), 1 default d[0-4] num Drive-type-dependent parameters bs num Boot block size, default BBSIZE sb num Superblock size, default 0 ba num Block size for partition `a' (bytes) bd num Block size for partition `d' (bytes) be num Block size for partition `e' (bytes) bf num Block size for partition `f' (bytes) bg num Block size for partition `g' (bytes) bh num Block size for partition `h' (bytes) fa num Fragment size for partition `a' (bytes) fd num Fragment size for partition `d' (bytes) fe num Fragment size for partition `e' (bytes) ff num Fragment size for partition `f' (bytes) fg num Fragment size for partition `g' (bytes) fh num Fragment size for partition `h' (bytes) oa num Offset of partition `a' in sectors ob num Offset of partition `b' in sectors oc num Offset of partition `c' in sectors od num Offset of partition `d' in sectors oe num Offset of partition `e' in sectors of num Offset of partition `f' in sectors og num Offset of partition `g' in sectors oh num Offset of partition `h' in sectors pa num Size of partition `a' in sectors pb num Size of partition `b' in sectors pc num Size of partition `c' in sectors pd num Size of partition `d' in sectors pe num Size of partition `e' in sectors pf num Size of partition `f' in sectors pg num Size of partition `g' in sectors ph num Size of partition `h' in sectors ta str Partition type of partition `a' (4.2BSD file system, swap, etc) tb str Partition type of partition `b' tc str Partition type of partition `c' td str Partition type of partition `d' te str Partition type of partition `e' tf str Partition type of partition `f' tg str Partition type of partition `g' th str Partition type of partition `h' FILES
/etc/disktab SEE ALSO
getdiskbyname(3), bsdlabel(8), newfs(8) HISTORY
The disktab description file appeared in 4.2BSD. BSD
October 14, 2006 BSD

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