Unix/Linux Go Back    

BSD 2.11 - man page for map3270 (bsd section 5)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)

MAP3270(5)									       MAP3270(5)

       map3270 - database for mapping ascii keystrokes into IBM 3270 keys


       When  emulating IBM-syle 3270 terminals under UNIX (see tn3270(1)), a mapping must be per-
       formed between sequences of keys hit on a user's (ascii) keyboard, and the keys	that  are
       available on a 3270.  For example, a 3270 has a key labeled EEOF which erases the contents
       of the current field from the location of the cursor to the end.  In order  to  accomplish
       this  function,	the  terminal user and a program emulating a 3270 must agree on what keys
       will be typed to invoke the EEOF function.

       The requirements for these sequences are:

	   1.)	that the first character of the sequence be outside of the
		standard ascii printable characters;

	   2.)	that no one sequence be an initial part of another (although
		sequences may share initial parts).

       The file consists of entries for various terminals.  The first part of an entry lists  the
       names  of  the  terminals  which  use  that  entry.   These names should be the same as in
       /etc/termcap (see termcap(5)); note that often the terminals from various termcap  entries
       will  all use the same map3270 entry; for example, both 925 and 925vb (for 925 with visual
       bells) would probably use the same map3270 entry.  After the names, separated by  vertical
       bars (`|'), comes a left brace (`{'); the definitions; and, finally, a right brace (`}').

       The  definitions  consist of a reserved keyword (see list below) which identifies the 3270
       function (extended as defined below), followed by an equal sign	(`='),	followed  by  the
       various	ways  to generate this particular function, followed by a semi-colon (`;').  Each
       way is a sequence of strings of printable ascii characters enclosed inside  single  quotes
       (`''); various ways (options) are separated by vertical bars (`|').

       Inside  the single quotes, a few characters are special.  A caret (`^') specifies that the
       next character is the ``control'' character of whatever the character is.  So, `^a' repre-
       sents control-a, ie: hexadecimal 1 (note that `^A' would generate the same code).  To gen-
       erate rubout, one enters `^?'.  To represent a control character inside	a  file  requires
       using  the  caret  to represent a control sequence; simply typing control-A will not work.
       Note: the ctrl-caret sequence (to generate a hexadecimal 1E) is represented as  `^^'  (not

       In  addition to the caret, a letter may be preceeded by a backslash (`\').  Since this has
       little effect for most characters, its use is usually not recommended.  For the case of	a
       single  quote (`''), the backslash prevents that single quote from terminating the string.
       To have the backslash be part of the string, it is  necessary  to  place  two  backslashes
       ('\\') in the file.

       In addition, the following characters are special:

	    `\E'  means an escape character;
	    `\n'  means newline;
	    `\t'  means tab;
	    `\r'  means carriage return.

       It  is  not  necessary for each character in a string to be enclosed within single quotes.
       `\E\E\E' means three escape characters.

       Comments, which may appear anywhere on a line, begin with a hash mark (`#'), and terminate
       at  the	end  of that line.  However, comments cannot begin inside a quoted string; a hash
       mark inside a quoted string has no special meaning.

       The following is the list of 3270 key names that are supported in this  file.   Note  that
       some of the keys don't really exist on a 3270.  In particular, the developers of this file
       have relied extensively on the work at the Yale University Computer Center with their 3270
       emulator  which runs in an IBM Series/1 front end.  The following list corresponds closely
       to the functions that the developers of the Yale code offer in their product.

       In the following list, the starred ("*") functions are not  supported  by  tn3270(1).   An
       unsupported function will cause tn3270(1) to send a bell sequence to the user's terminal.

	       3270 Key Name   Functional description

	    (*)LPRT	       local print
	       DP	       dup character
	       FM	       field mark character
	    (*)CURSEL	       cursor select
	       RESHOW	       redisplay the screen
	       EINP	       erase input
	       EEOF	       erase end of field
	       DELETE	       delete character
	       INSRT	       toggle insert mode
	       TAB	       field tab
	       BTAB	       field back tab
	       COLTAB	       column tab
	       COLBAK	       column back tab
	       INDENT	       indent one tab stop
	       UNDENT	       undent one tab stop
	       NL	       new line
	       HOME	       home the cursor
	       UP	       up cursor
	       DOWN	       down cursor
	       RIGHT	       right cursor
	       LEFT	       left cursor
	       SETTAB	       set a column tab
	       DELTAB	       delete a columntab
	       SETMRG	       set left margin
	       SETHOM	       set home position
	       CLRTAB	       clear all column tabs
	    (*)APLON	       apl on
	    (*)APLOFF	       apl off
	    (*)APLEND	       treat input as ascii
	    (*)PCON	       xon/xoff on
	    (*)PCOFF	       xon/xoff off
	       DISC	       disconnect (suspend)
	    (*)INIT	       new terminal type
	    (*)ALTK	       alternate keyboard dvorak
	       FLINP	       flush input
	       ERASE	       erase last character
	       WERASE	       erase last word
	       FERASE	       erase field
	       SYNCH	       we are in synch with the user
	       RESET	       reset key-unlock keyboard
	       MASTER_RESET    reset, unlock and redisplay
	    (*)XOFF	       please hold output
	    (*)XON	       please give me output
	       ESCAPE	       enter telnet command mode
	       WORDTAB	       tab to beginning of next word
	       WORDBACKTAB     tab to beginning of current/last word
	       WORDEND	       tab to end of current/next word
	       FIELDEND        tab to last non-blank of current/next
			       unprotected (writable) field.

	       PA1	       program attention 1
	       PA2	       program attention 2
	       PA3	       program attention 3

	       CLEAR	       local clear of the 3270 screen
	       TREQ	       test request
	       ENTER	       enter key

	       PFK1	       program function key 1
	       PFK2	       program function key 2
	       etc.	       etc.
	       PFK36	       program function key 36

       The following entry is used by tn3270(1) when unable to locate a reasonable version in the
       user's environment and in /usr/share/misc/map3270:

	       name {	       # actual name comes from TERM variable
	       clear = '^z';
	       flinp = '^x';
	       enter = '^m';
	       delete = '^d' | '^?';   # note that '^?' is delete (rubout)
	       synch = '^r';
	       reshow = '^v';
	       eeof = '^e';
	       tab = '^i';
	       btab = '^b';
	       nl = '^n';
	       left = '^h';
	       right = '^l';
	       up = '^k';
	       down = '^j';
	       einp = '^w';
	       reset = '^t';
	       xoff = '^s';
	       xon = '^q';
	       escape = '^c';
	       ferase = '^u';
	       insrt = ' ';
	       # program attention keys
	       pa1 = '^p1'; pa2 = '^p2'; pa3 = '^p3';
	       # program function keys
	       pfk1 = '1'; pfk2 = '2'; pfk3 = '3'; pfk4 = '4';
	       pfk5 = '5'; pfk6 = '6'; pfk7 = '7'; pfk8 = '8';
	       pfk9 = '9'; pfk10 = ' '; pfk11 = '-'; pfk12 = '=';
	       pfk13 = ''; pfk14 = '@'; pfk15 = '	 pfk17 = ''; pfk18 = ''; pfk19 = ''; pfk20 = ';
	       pfk21 = ' pfk22 = ''; pfk23 = '_'; pfk24 = '+';

       The charts below show the proper keys to emulate each 3270 function when using the default
       key mapping supplied with tn3270(1) and mset(1).

	    Command Keys	     IBM 3270 Key		   Default Key(s)
				     Enter			   RETURN
				     Clear			   control-z
	    Cursor Movement Keys
				     New Line			   control-n or
				     Tab			   control-i
				     Back Tab			   control-b
				     Cursor Left		   control-h
				     Cursor Right		   control-l
				     Cursor Up			   control-k
				     Cursor Down		   control-j or
								   LINE FEED
	    Edit Control Keys
				     Delete Char		   control-d or
				     Erase EOF			   control-e
				     Erase Input		   control-w
				     Insert Mode		   ESC Space
				     End Insert 		   ESC Space
	    Program Function Keys
				     PF1			   ESC 1
				     PF2			   ESC 2
				     ...			   ...
				     PF10			   ESC 0
				     PF11			   ESC -
				     PF12			   ESC =
				     PF13			   ESC !
				     PF14			   ESC @
				     ...			   ...
				     PF24			   ESC +
	    Program Attention Keys
				     PA1			   control-p 1
				     PA2			   control-p 2
				     PA3			   control-p 3
	    Local Control Keys
				     Reset After Error		   control-r
				     Purge Input Buffer 	   control-x
				     Keyboard Unlock		   control-t
				     Redisplay Screen		   control-v
	    Other Keys
		      Erase current field	    control-u


       tn3270(1), mset(1), Yale ASCII Terminal Communication System II Program Description/Opera-
       tor's Manual (IBM SB30-1911)

       Greg Minshall

       Tn3270 doesn't yet understand how to process all the functions available in map3270;  when
       such a function is requested tn3270 will beep at you.

       The  definition	of  "word"  (for  "word delete", "word tab") should be a run-time option.
       Currently it is defined as the kernel tty driver defines it (strings of non-blanks);  more
       than  one  person  would  rather  use the "vi" definition (strings of specials, strings of

4.3 Berkeley Distribution		November 27, 1996			       MAP3270(5)
Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums

All times are GMT -4. The time now is 08:07 AM.