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expire.ctl(5) [bsd man page]

EXPIRE.CTL(5)							File Formats Manual						     EXPIRE.CTL(5)

NAME
       expire.ctl - control file for Usenet article expiration

DESCRIPTION
       The  file  /etc/news/expire.ctl	is  the default control file for the expire(8) program, which reads it at start-up.  Blank lines and lines
       beginning with a number sign (``#'') are ignored.  All other lines should be in one of two formats.

       The first format specifies how long to keep a record of fully-expired articles.	This is useful when a newsfeed intermittently offers older
       news  that  is  not kept around very long.  (The case of very old news is handled by the ``-c'' flag of innd(8).)  There should only be one
       line in this format, which looks like this:
	      /remember/:days
       Where days is a floating-point number that specifies the upper limit to remember a Message-ID, even if the  article  has  already  expired.
       (It does not affect article expirations.)

       Most of the lines in the file will consist of five colon-separated fields, as follows:
	      pattern:modflag:keep:default:purge
       The  pattern  field  is a list of wildmat(3)-style patterns, separated by commas.  This field specifies the newsgroups to which the line is
       applied.  Note that the file is interpreted in order, so that the last line that matches will be used.  This means  that  general  patterns
       (like a single asterisk to set the defaults) should appear before specific group specifications.

       The modflag field can be used to further limit newsgroups to which the line applies, and should be chosen from the following set:
	      M    Only moderated groups
	      U    Only unmoderated groups
	      A    All groups

       The  next  three  fields are used to determine how long an article should be kept.  Each field should be either a number of days (fractions
       like ``8.5'' are allowed) or the word ``never.''  The most common use is to specify the default value for how long  an  article	should	be
       kept.   The  first  and	third fields -- keep and purge -- specify the boundaries within which an Expires header will be honored.  They are
       ignored if an article has no Expires header.  The fields are specified in the file as ``lower-bound default  upper-bound,''  and  they  are
       explained  in this order.  Since most articles do not have explicit expiration dates, however, the second field tends to be the most impor-
       tant one.

       The keep field specifies how many days an article should be kept before it will be removed.  No article in the newsgroup will be removed if
       it  has	been filed for less then keep days, regardless of any expiration date.	If this field is the word ``never'' then an article cannot
       have been kept for enough days so it will never be expired.

       The default field specifies how long to keep an article if no Expires header is present.  If this field is the word ``never'' then articles
       without explicit expiration dates will never be expired.

       The purge field specifies the upper bound on how long an article can be kept.  No article will be kept longer then the number of days spec-
       ified by this field.  All articles will be removed after then have been kept for purge days.  If purge is the word ``never'' then the arti-
       cle will never be deleted.

       It  is  often  useful  to  honor  the  expiration headers in articles, especially those in moderated groups.  To do this, set keep to zero,
       default to whatever value you wish, and purge to never.	To ignore any Expires header, set all three fields to the same value.

       There must be exactly one line with a pattern of ``*'' and a modflags of ``A'' -- this matches all groups and is used to set the expiration
       default.  It should be the first expiration line.

       For example,
	      ##  How long to keep expired history
	      /remember/:5
	      ##  Most things stay for two weeks
	      *:A:14:14:14
	      ##  Believe expiration dates in moderated groups, up to six weeks
	      *:M:1:30:42
	      ##  Keep local stuff for a long time
	      foo.*:A:30:30:30

HISTORY
       Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> for InterNetNews.  This is revision 1.15, dated 1996/10/29.

SEE ALSO
       expire(8), wildmat(3).

																     EXPIRE.CTL(5)

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