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aliases(5) [bsd man page]

ALIASES(5)							File Formats Manual							ALIASES(5)

aliases - aliases file for sendmail SYNOPSIS
/etc/aliases DESCRIPTION
This file describes user id aliases used by /usr/sbin/sendmail. It is formatted as a series of lines of the form name: name_1, name2, name_3, . . . The name is the name to alias, and the name_n are the aliases for that name. Lines beginning with white space are continuation lines. Lines beginning with `#' are comments. Aliasing occurs only on local names. Loops can not occur, since no message will be sent to any person more than once. After aliasing has been done, local and valid recipients who have a ``.forward'' file in their home directory have messages forwarded to the list of users defined in that file. This is only the raw data file; the actual aliasing information is placed into a binary format in the files /etc/aliases.dir and /etc/aliases.pag using the program newaliases(1). A newaliases command should be executed each time the aliases file is changed for the change to take effect. SEE ALSO
newaliases(1), dbm(3X), sendmail(8) SENDMAIL Installation and Operation Guide. SENDMAIL An Internetwork Mail Router. BUGS
Because of restrictions in dbm(3X) a single alias cannot contain more than about 1000 bytes of information. You can get longer aliases by ``chaining''; that is, make the last name in the alias be a dummy name which is a continuation alias. 4th Berkeley Distribution October 22, 1996 ALIASES(5)

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newaliases(1M)						  System Administration Commands					    newaliases(1M)

newaliases - rebuild the data base for the mail aliases file SYNOPSIS
newaliases DESCRIPTION
newaliases rebuilds the random access data base for the mail aliases file /etc/mail/aliases. newaliases accepts all the flags that sendmail(1M) accepts. However, most of these flags have no effect, except for the -C option and three of the Processing Options that can be set from a configuration file with the -o option: -C /path/to/alt/config/file Use alternate configuration file. -oAfile Specify possible alias files. -oLn Set the default log level to n. Defaults to 9. -on Validate the RHS of aliases when rebuilding the aliases(4) database. newaliases runs in verbose mode (-v option) automatically. EXAMPLES
Example 1 Running the newaliases Command The following command runs newaliases on an alias file different from the /etc/mail/aliases default in sendmail(1M): example% newaliases -oA/path/to/alternate/alias/file EXIT STATUS
newaliases returns an exit status describing what it did. The codes are defined in /usr/include/sysexits.h. EX_OK Successful completion on all addresses. EX_NOUSER User name not recognized. EX_UNAVAILABLE Catchall. Necessary resources were not available. EX_SYNTAX Syntax error in address. EX_SOFTWARE Internal software error, including bad arguments. EX_OSERR Temporary operating system error, such as "cannot fork". EX_NOHOST Host name not recognized. EX_TEMPFAIL Message could not be sent immediately, but was queued. FILES
/etc/aliases Symbolic link to /etc/mail/aliases /etc/mail/aliases.pag /etc/mail/aliases.dir ndbm files maintained by newaliases /etc/mail/aliases.db Berkeley DataBase file maintained by newaliases ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Availability |SUNWsndmu | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
sendmail(1M), aliases(4), attributes(5) SunOS 5.11 14 Sep 2001 newaliases(1M)

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