Visit Our UNIX and Linux User Community

Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Test Your Knowledge in Computers #583
Difficulty: Easy
Buffered input/output is used because I/O operations can slow the system down.
True or False?
Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

ng_h4(4) [bsd man page]

NG_H4(4)						   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 						  NG_H4(4)

NAME
ng_h4 -- Netgraph node type that is also an H4 line discipline SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <netgraph/bluetooth/include/ng_h4.h> DESCRIPTION
The h4 node type is both a persistent Netgraph node type and a H4 line discipline. It implements a Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer as per chapter H4 of the Bluetooth Specification Book v1.1. A new node is created when the corresponding line discipline, H4DISC, is registered on a tty device (see tty(4)). The node has a single hook called hook. Incoming bytes received on the tty device are re-assembled into HCI frames (according to the length). Full HCI frames are sent out on the hook. HCI frames received on hook are transmitted out on the tty device. No modification to the data is performed in either direction. While the line discipline is installed on a tty, the normal read and write operations are unavailable, returning EIO. Information about the node is available via the netgraph ioctl(2) command NGIOCGINFO. This command returns a struct nodeinfo similar to the NGM_NODEINFO netgraph(4) control message. HOOKS
This node type supports the following hooks: hook single HCI frame contained in single mbuf structure. CONTROL MESSAGES
This node type supports the generic control messages, plus the following: NGM_H4_NODE_RESET Reset the node. NGM_H4_NODE_GET_STATE Returns current receiving state for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_GET_DEBUG Returns an integer containing the current debug level for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_SET_DEBUG This command takes an integer argument and sets current debug level for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_GET_QLEN Returns current length of outgoing queue for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_SET_QLEN This command takes an integer argument and sets maximum length of outgoing queue for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_GET_STAT Returns various statistic information for the node, such as: number of bytes (frames) sent, number of bytes (frames) received and number of input (output) errors. NGM_H4_NODE_RESET_STAT Reset all statistic counters to zero. SHUTDOWN
This node shuts down when the corresponding device is closed (or the line discipline is uninstalled on the device). SEE ALSO
ioctl(2), netgraph(4), tty(4), ngctl(8) HISTORY
The h4 node type was implemented in FreeBSD 5.0. AUTHORS
Maksim Yevmenkin <m_evmenkin@yahoo.com> BUGS
This node still uses spltty(9) to lock tty layer. This is wrong. BSD
June 14, 2002 BSD

Check Out this Related Man Page

NG_H4(4)						   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 						  NG_H4(4)

NAME
ng_h4 -- Netgraph node type that is also an H4 line discipline SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <netgraph/bluetooth/include/ng_h4.h> DESCRIPTION
The h4 node type is both a persistent Netgraph node type and a H4 line discipline. It implements a Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer as per chapter H4 of the Bluetooth Specification Book v1.1. A new node is created when the corresponding line discipline, H4DISC, is registered on a tty device (see tty(4)). The node has a single hook called hook. Incoming bytes received on the tty device are re-assembled into HCI frames (according to the length). Full HCI frames are sent out on the hook. HCI frames received on hook are transmitted out on the tty device. No modification to the data is performed in either direction. While the line discipline is installed on a tty, the normal read and write operations are unavailable, returning EIO. Information about the node is available via the netgraph ioctl(2) command NGIOCGINFO. This command returns a struct nodeinfo similar to the NGM_NODEINFO netgraph(4) control message. HOOKS
This node type supports the following hooks: hook single HCI frame contained in single mbuf structure. CONTROL MESSAGES
This node type supports the generic control messages, plus the following: NGM_H4_NODE_RESET Reset the node. NGM_H4_NODE_GET_STATE Returns current receiving state for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_GET_DEBUG Returns an integer containing the current debug level for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_SET_DEBUG This command takes an integer argument and sets current debug level for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_GET_QLEN Returns current length of outgoing queue for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_SET_QLEN This command takes an integer argument and sets maximum length of outgoing queue for the node. NGM_H4_NODE_GET_STAT Returns various statistic information for the node, such as: number of bytes (frames) sent, number of bytes (frames) received and number of input (output) errors. NGM_H4_NODE_RESET_STAT Reset all statistic counters to zero. SHUTDOWN
This node shuts down when the corresponding device is closed (or the line discipline is uninstalled on the device). SEE ALSO
ioctl(2), netgraph(4), tty(4), ngctl(8) HISTORY
The h4 node type was implemented in FreeBSD 5.0. AUTHORS
Maksim Yevmenkin <m_evmenkin@yahoo.com> BUGS
This node still uses spltty(9) to lock tty layer. This is wrong. BSD
June 14, 2002 BSD

Featured Tech Videos