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dhu(4) [bsd man page]

DHU(4)							     Kernel Interfaces Manual							    DHU(4)

NAME
dhu - DHU-11 communications multiplexer SYNOPSIS
/sys/conf/SYSTEM: NDHU dhu_units # DHU11 /etc/dtab: #Name Unit# Addr Vector Br Handler(s) # Comments du ? 160020 310 5 dhurint dhuxint # dhu11 terminal mux major device number(s): raw: 4 minor device encoding: bits 0017 specify line on DHU unit bits 0060 specify DHU unit bit 0100 specify RTS/CTS flow control bit 0200 specifies non-blocking open (``CD always on'') DESCRIPTION
A DHU-11 provides 16 communication lines. Each line attached to the DHU-11 communications multiplexer behaves as described in tty(4). Input and output for each line may indepen- dently be set to run at any of 13 speeds (50, 200 and 38400 baud are not available); see tty(4) for the encoding. Bit 0200 of the minor device number for DHU lines may be set to say that a line is not properly connected, and that the line should be treated as hard-wired with carrier always present. Thus creating the special character device node "4, 130" via mknod /dev/ttyS2 c 4 130 would cause line ttyS2 to be treated in this way. Turning on bit 6 (adding 64) to the minor device number via mknod /dev/ttyS2 c 4 194 enables RTS/CTS flow control. The DHU-11 driver normally uses input silos and delays receiver interrupts by 20 milliseconds rather than taking an interrupt on each input character. FILES
/dev/tty[S-Z][0-9a-f] SEE ALSO
tty(4) DIAGNOSTICS
dhu(%d,%d) NXM. No response from UNIBUS on a DMA transfer within a timeout period. This has never been observed on a PDP-11 and is believed to be a carryover from the VAX driver when it was ported. It is not serious. dhu%d %d overruns. The character input silo overflowed before it could be serviced. This message is printed only at line close time rather than on each overrun error. Kernel printf's are not interrupt driven and caused more overruns by blocking interrupts for lengthy periods of time. NOTES
The driver currently does not make full use of the hardware capabilities of the DHU-11, for dealing with XON/XOFF flow-control or hard- wired lines for example. The 4 40-way cables are a pain. 3rd Berkeley Distribution May 31, 1997 DHU(4)

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DH(4)							     Kernel Interfaces Manual							     DH(4)

NAME
dh - DH-11/DM-11 communications multiplexer SYNOPSIS
/sys/conf/SYSTEM: NDH dh_units # DH11; NDH is in units of boards (16 each) NDM dm_units # DM11; NDM is in units of boards (16 each) /etc/dtab: #Name Unit# Addr Vector Br Handler(s) # Comments dm ? 170500 310 4 dmintr # dm11 dh modem control dh ? 160020 320 5 dhrint dhxint # dh11 terminal mux major device number(s): raw: 3 minor device encoding: bits 0017 specify line on DH unit bits 0060 specify DH unit bit 0100 specify RTS/CTS (``hardware'') flowcontrol bit 0200 specifies non-blocking open (``CD always on'') DESCRIPTION
A dh-11 provides 16 communication lines; dm-11's may be optionally paired with dh-11's to provide modem control for the lines. If there are fewer dm-11's than dh-11's, the dm-11's are assumed to be paired with the first dm_units dh-11's. Each line attached to the DH-11 communications multiplexer behaves as described in tty(4). Input and output for each line may indepen- dently be set to run at any of 16 speeds; see tty(4) for the encoding. Bit 0200 of the minor device number for DH lines may be set to say that a line is not properly connected, and that the line should be treated as hard-wired with carrier always present. Thus creating the special character device node "3, 130" via mknod /dev/ttyh2 c 3 130 would cause line ttyh2 to be treated in this way. Bit 0100 of the minor device number enables RTS/CTS (also called ``hardware'') flow con- trol. It is enabled by adding 64 to the minor device number: mknod /dev/ttyh2 c 3 194 The dh driver monitors the rate of input on each board, and switches between the use of character-at-a-time interrupts and input silos. While the silo is enabled during periods of high-speed input, the driver polls for input 30 times per second. FILES
/dev/tty[h-k][0-9a-f] /dev/ttyd[0-9a-f] /dev/MAKEDEV script to create special files /dev/MAKEDEV.local script to localize special files SEE ALSO
tty(4), dtab(5), autoconfig(8) DIAGNOSTICS
dh%d NXM. No response from UNIBUS on a dma transfer within a timeout period. This has never been observed on a PDP-11 and is a carryover from the VAX driver when it was ported. It is not serious. dh%d %d overruns. The character input silo overflowed before it could be serviced. This message is only printed at line close time. It is not serious but does indicate that the system was not able to keep up with the data flow. 3rd Berkeley Distribution May 31, 1997 DH(4)

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