
STRTOL(3) STRTOL(3)
NAME
strtol  convert string value to a long
SYNOPSIS
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <limits.h>
long
strtol(nptr, endptr, base)
char *nptr;
char **endptr;
int base;
DESCRIPTION
The strtol() function converts the string in nptr to a long value. The conversion is done
according to the given base, which must be between 2 and 36 inclusive, or be the special
value 0.
The string may begin with an arbitrary amount of white space (as determined by isspace(3))
followed by a single optional `+' or `' sign. If base is zero or 16, the string may then
include a `0x' prefix, and the number will be read in base 16; otherwise, a zero base is
taken as 10 (decimal) unless the next character is `0', in which case it is taken as 8
(octal).
The remainder of the string is converted to a long value in the obvious manner, stopping
at the first character which is not a valid digit in the given base. (In bases above 10,
the letter `A' in either upper or lower case represents 10, `B' represents 11, and so
forth, with `Z' representing 35.)
If endptr is non nil, strtol() stores the address of the first invalid character in
*endptr . If there were no digits at all, however, strtol() stores the original value of
nptr in *endptr. (Thus, if *nptr is not `\0' but **endptr is `\0' on return, the entire
string was valid.)
RETURN VALUES
The strtol() function returns the result of the conversion, unless the value would under
flow or overflow. If an underflow occurs, strtol() returns LONG_MIN. If an overflow
occurs, strtol() returns LONG_MAX. In both cases, errno is set to ERANGE .
ERRORS
[ERANGE] The given string was out of range; the value converted has been clamped.
SEE ALSO
atof(3), atoi(3), atol(3), strtoul(3)
STANDARDS
The strtol() function conforms to ANSI C X3.1591989 (``ANSI C'').
BUGS
Ignores the current locale.
4.4 Berkeley Distribution January 12, 1996 STRTOL(3) 
