These routines are useful for dealing with errors and interrupts encountered in a low-level subroutine of a program.
Setjmp saves its stack environment in env for later use by longjmp. It returns value 0.
Longjmp restores the environment saved by the last call of setjmp. It then returns in such a way that execution continues as if the call
of setjmp had just returned the value val to the function that invoked setjmp, which must not itself have returned in the interim. All
accessible data have values as of the time longjmp was called.
Setjmp and longjmp save and restore the signal mask sigmask(2), while _setjmp and _longjmp manipulate only the C stack and registers.
If the contents of the jmp_buf are corrupted, or correspond to an environment that has already returned, longjmp calls the routine longjm-
perror. If longjmperror returns the program is aborted. The default version of longjmperror prints the message ``longjmp botch'' to stan-
dard error and returns. User programs wishing to exit more gracefully can write their own versions of longjmperror.
sigvec(2), sigstack(2), signal(3)NOTES (PDP-11)
On the PDP-11, longjmperror is called as _ljerr. This difference stems from the limited name size of the PDP-11 that requires all external
names to be unique within the first seven characters. However, <setjmp.h> automatically translates longjmperror to ljerror and should be
included before any definition longjmperror.
The PDP-11 implementation also contains a subtle bug that occurs when a routine containing a setjmp has register variables. The bug some-
times causes those variables to be given invalid values when a longjmp is made back to the routine. Register variables should therefore be
avoided in routines containing setjmps.
And finally, _longjmp may sometimes die fatally. Sorry.
4th Berkeley Distribution January 9, 1986 SETJMP(3)
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