BSD 2.11 - man page for swapon (bsd section 2)
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swapon - add a swap device for interleaved paging/swapping
Swapon makes the block device special available to the system for allocation for paging
and swapping. The names of potentially available devices are known to the system and
defined at system configuration time. The size of the swap area on special is calculated
at the time the device is first made available for swapping.
If an error has occurred, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the
Swapon succeeds unless:
[ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory.
[EINVAL] The pathname contains a character with the high-order bit set.
[ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name
exceeded 1023 characters.
[ENOENT] The named device does not exist.
[EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.
[ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname.
[EPERM] The caller is not the super-user.
[ENOTBLK] Special is not a block device.
[EBUSY] The device specified by special has already been made available for swap-
[EINVAL] The device configured by special was not configured into the system as a
[ENXIO] The major device number of special is out of range (this indicates no
device driver exists for the associated hardware).
[EIO] An I/O error occurred while opening the swap device.
[EFAULT] Special points outside the process's allocated address space.
There is no way to stop swapping on a disk so that the pack may be dismounted.
This call will be upgraded in future versions of the system.
4th Berkeley Distribution March 9, 1986 SWAPON(2)
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