Visit Our UNIX and Linux User Community

Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Test Your Knowledge in Computers #1010
Difficulty: Easy
The number 200 in base 8 equals 128 in base 10.
True or False?
Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

sendmsg(2) [bsd man page]

SEND(2) 							System Calls Manual							   SEND(2)

NAME
send, sendto, sendmsg - send a message from a socket SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/socket.h> cc = send(s, msg, len, flags) int cc, s; char *msg; int len, flags; cc = sendto(s, msg, len, flags, to, tolen) int cc, s; char *msg; int len, flags; struct sockaddr *to; int tolen; cc = sendmsg(s, msg, flags) int cc, s; struct msghdr msg[]; int flags; DESCRIPTION
Send, sendto, and sendmsg are used to transmit a message to another socket. Send may be used only when the socket is in a connected state, while sendto and sendmsg may be used at any time. The address of the target is given by to with tolen specifying its size. The length of the message is given by len. If the message is too long to pass atomically through the underlying protocol, then the error EMSGSIZE is returned, and the message is not transmitted. No indication of failure to deliver is implicit in a send. Return values of -1 indicate some locally detected errors. If no messages space is available at the socket to hold the message to be transmitted, then send normally blocks, unless the socket has been placed in non-blocking I/O mode. The select(2) call may be used to determine when it is possible to send more data. The flags parameter may include one or more of the following: #define MSG_OOB 0x1 /* process out-of-band data */ #define MSG_DONTROUTE 0x4 /* bypass routing, use direct interface */ The flag MSG_OOB is used to send "out-of-band" data on sockets that support this notion (e.g. SOCK_STREAM); the underlying protocol must also support "out-of-band" data. MSG_DONTROUTE is usually used only by diagnostic or routing programs. See recv(2) for a description of the msghdr structure. RETURN VALUE
The call returns the number of characters sent, or -1 if an error occurred. ERRORS
[EBADF] An invalid descriptor was specified. [ENOTSOCK] The argument s is not a socket. [EFAULT] An invalid user space address was specified for a parameter. [EMSGSIZE] The socket requires that message be sent atomically, and the size of the message to be sent made this impossible. [EWOULDBLOCK] The socket is marked non-blocking and the requested operation would block. [ENOBUFS] The system was unable to allocate an internal buffer. The operation may succeed when buffers become available. [ENOBUFS] The output queue for a network interface was full. This generally indicates that the interface has stopped sending, but may be caused by transient congestion. SEE ALSO
fcntl(2), recv(2), select(2), getsockopt(2), socket(2), write(2) 4.2 Berkeley Distribution May 14, 1986 SEND(2)

Check Out this Related Man Page

SEND(2) 						      BSD System Calls Manual							   SEND(2)

NAME
send, sendto, sendmsg -- send a message from a socket SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/socket.h> ssize_t send(int s, const void *msg, size_t len, int flags); ssize_t sendto(int s, const void *msg, size_t len, int flags, const struct sockaddr *to, int tolen); ssize_t sendmsg(int s, const struct msghdr *msg, int flags); DESCRIPTION
Send(), sendto(), and sendmsg() are used to transmit a message to another socket. Send() may be used only when the socket is in a connected state, while sendto() and sendmsg() may be used at any time. The address of the target is given by to with tolen specifying its size. The length of the message is given by len. If the message is too long to pass atomically through the underlying protocol, the error EMSGSIZE is returned, and the message is not transmitted. No indication of failure to deliver is implicit in a send(). Locally detected errors are indicated by a return value of -1. If no messages space is available at the socket to hold the message to be transmitted, then send() normally blocks, unless the socket has been placed in non-blocking I/O mode. The select(2) call may be used to determine when it is possible to send more data. The flags parameter may include one or more of the following: #define MSG_OOB 0x1 /* process out-of-band data */ #define MSG_DONTROUTE 0x4 /* bypass routing, use direct interface */ The flag MSG_OOB is used to send ``out-of-band'' data on sockets that support this notion (e.g. SOCK_STREAM); the underlying protocol must also support ``out-of-band'' data. MSG_DONTROUTE is usually used only by diagnostic or routing programs. See recv(2) for a description of the msghdr structure. RETURN VALUES
The call returns the number of characters sent, or -1 if an error occurred. ERRORS
Send(), sendto(), and sendmsg() fail if: [EBADF] An invalid descriptor was specified. [ENOTSOCK] The argument s is not a socket. [EFAULT] An invalid user space address was specified for a parameter. [EMSGSIZE] The socket requires that message be sent atomically, and the size of the message to be sent made this impossible. [EAGAIN] The socket is marked non-blocking and the requested operation would block. [ENOBUFS] The system was unable to allocate an internal buffer. The operation may succeed when buffers become available. [ENOBUFS] The output queue for a network interface was full. This generally indicates that the interface has stopped sending, but may be caused by transient congestion. [EACCES] The SO_BROADCAST option is not set on the socket, and a broadcast address was given as the destination. [EHOSTUNREACH] The destination address specified an unreachable host. SEE ALSO
fcntl(2), recv(2), select(2), getsockopt(2), socket(2), write(2) HISTORY
The send() function call appeared in 4.2BSD. 4.2 Berkeley Distribution February 21, 1994 4.2 Berkeley Distribution

Featured Tech Videos