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recvfrom(2) [bsd man page]

RECV(2) 							System Calls Manual							   RECV(2)

NAME
recv, recvfrom, recvmsg - receive a message from a socket SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/socket.h> cc = recv(s, buf, len, flags) int cc, s; char *buf; int len, flags; cc = recvfrom(s, buf, len, flags, from, fromlen) int cc, s; char *buf; int len, flags; struct sockaddr *from; int *fromlen; cc = recvmsg(s, msg, flags) int cc, s; struct msghdr msg[]; int flags; DESCRIPTION
Recv, recvfrom, and recvmsg are used to receive messages from a socket. The recv call is normally used only on a connected socket (see connect(2)), while recvfrom and recvmsg may be used to receive data on a socket whether it is in a connected state or not. If from is non-zero, the source address of the message is filled in. Fromlen is a value-result parameter, initialized to the size of the buffer associated with from, and modified on return to indicate the actual size of the address stored there. The length of the message is returned in cc. If a message is too long to fit in the supplied buffer, excess bytes may be discarded depending on the type of socket the message is received from (see socket(2)). If no messages are available at the socket, the receive call waits for a message to arrive, unless the socket is nonblocking (see ioctl(2)) in which case a cc of -1 is returned with the external variable errno set to EWOULDBLOCK. The select(2) call may be used to determine when more data arrives. The flags argument to a recv call is formed by or'ing one or more of the values, #define MSG_OOB 0x1 /* process out-of-band data */ #define MSG_PEEK 0x2 /* peek at incoming message */ The recvmsg call uses a msghdr structure to minimize the number of directly supplied parameters. This structure has the following form, as defined in <sys/socket.h>: struct msghdr { caddr_t msg_name; /* optional address */ int msg_namelen; /* size of address */ struct iovec *msg_iov; /* scatter/gather array */ int msg_iovlen; /* # elements in msg_iov */ caddr_t msg_accrights; /* access rights sent/received */ int msg_accrightslen; }; Here msg_name and msg_namelen specify the destination address if the socket is unconnected; msg_name may be given as a null pointer if no names are desired or required. The msg_iov and msg_iovlen describe the scatter gather locations, as described in read(2). A buffer to receive any access rights sent along with the message is specified in msg_accrights, which has length msg_accrightslen. Access rights are currently limited to file descriptors, which each occupy the size of an int. RETURN VALUE
These calls return the number of bytes received, or -1 if an error occurred. ERRORS
The calls fail if: [EBADF] The argument s is an invalid descriptor. [ENOTSOCK] The argument s is not a socket. [EWOULDBLOCK] The socket is marked non-blocking and the receive operation would block. [EINTR] The receive was interrupted by delivery of a signal before any data was available for the receive. [EFAULT] The data was specified to be received into a non-existent or protected part of the process address space. SEE ALSO
fcntl(2), read(2), send(2), select(2), getsockopt(2), socket(2) 4.2 Berkeley Distribution May 23, 1986 RECV(2)

Check Out this Related Man Page

recv(2) 							System Calls Manual							   recv(2)

Name
       recv, recvfrom, recvmsg - receive a message from a socket

Syntax
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       cc = recv(s, buf, len, flags)
       int cc, s;
       char *buf;
       int len, flags;

       cc = recvfrom(s, buf, len, flags, from, fromlen)
       int cc, s;
       char *buf;
       int len, flags;
       struct sockaddr *from;
       int *fromlen;

       cc = recvmsg(s, msg, flags)
       int cc, s;
       struct msghdr msg[];
       int flags;

Description
       The and system calls are used to receive messages from a socket.

       The call can be used only on a connected socket. The and calls can be used to receive data on a socket, whether or not it is in a connected
       state.  For further information, see

       If from is nonzero, the source address of the message is filled in.  The fromlen is a value-result parameter, initialized to  the  size	of
       the buffer associated with from, and modified on return to indicate the actual size of the address stored there.  The length of the message
       is returned in If a message is too long to fit in the supplied buffer, excess bytes can be discarded, depending on the type of  socket  the
       message is received from.  For further information, see

       If  no  messages  are  available  at  the socket, the receive call waits for a message to arrive, unless the socket is nonblocking.  If the
       socket is nonblocking, a of -1 is returned, and the external variable errno is set to EWOULDBLOCK.  For further information, see

       The call can be used to determine when more data arrives.

       The flags argument to a send call is formed by ORing one or more of the values following values:
       #define	 MSG_OOB   0x1	/* process out-of-band data */
       #define	 MSG_PEEK  0x2	/* peek at incoming message */
       The call uses a msghdr structure to minimize the number of directly supplied parameters.  This structure has the following form, as defined
       in <sys/socket.h>:
       struct msghdr {
	      caddr_t  msg_name;	/* optional address */
	      int      msg_namelen;	/* size of address */
	      struct   iov *msg_iov;	/* scatter/gather array */
	      int      msg_iovlen;	/* # elements in msg_iov */
	      caddr_t  msg_accrights;	/* access rights sent/received */
	      int      msg_accrightslen;
       };
       Here,  msg_name and msg_namelen specify the destination address if the socket is unconnected; msg_name can be given as a null pointer if no
       names are desired or required.  The msg_iov and msg_iovlen describe the scatter gather locations, as described in Access rights to be  sent
       along with the message are specified in msg_accrights , which has length msg_accrightslen .

Return Values
       These calls return the number of bytes received, or -1 if an error occurred.

Diagnostics
       The call fails under the following conditions:

       [EBADF]	      The argument s is an invalid descriptor.

       [EINVAL]       The argument length of the message is less than 0.

       [EMSGSIZE]     The message sent on the socket was larger than the internal message buffer.

       [ENOTCONN]     A call was made to from an unconnected stream socket.

       [ENOTSOCK]     The argument s is not a socket.

       [EWOULDBLOCK]  The socket is marked nonblocking and the receive operation would block.

       [EINTR]	      The receive was interrupted by delivery of a signal before any data was available for the receive.

       [EFAULT]       The  data  was  specified  to  be  received  into a nonexistent or protected part of the process address space. The argument
		      fromlen points outside the process address space.

See Also
       read(2), send(2), socket(2)

																	   recv(2)

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