vadm(1) ShapeTools vadm(1)
vadm - manipulate and administer version object base
vadm [ version binding options ] [ options ] [ action ] name..
Options: [ -?fq ] [ -cache ] [ -force ] [ -help ] [ -nomail ] [ -quiet ] [ -stdin ] [ -version ]
Actions: [ -alias version alias name ] [ -attr attribute ] [ -chaut user ] [ -chmod protection ] [ -chown user ] [ -delattr attribute
name ] [ -d (or -delete) ] [ -l (or -lock) [version binding] ] [ -newgen ] [ -promote ] [ -set description | note | intent ]
[ -setc comment leader ] [ -unlock [version binding] ] [ -unpromote ]
vattr [ version binding options ] attribute name..
vrm [ version binding options ] name..
sbmt [ version binding options ] name..
publ [ version binding options ] name..
accs [ version binding options ] name..
frze [ version binding options ] name..
vadm is a general purpose command to perform all sorts of actions upon parts of an AtFS object repository. It can be used to lock or unlock
an AtFS object for modification, to delete a particular object instance, to associate symbolic (alias) names with version objects, to pro-
mote or unpromote certain version objects from one status to another, to modify an objects access permissions, to set or modify a descrip-
tive entry of particular version objects, to set or modify an eventual change intention, and to set or unset various object attributes such
as the author or any user defined attributes.
vattr and vrm are short forms for vadm -attr and vadm -delete. See the descriptions of the -attr and the -delete options for details.
sbmt, publ, accs, and frze are alternate program names for vadm that represent status-change operations for version objects. See the
description of option -promote for details.
The typical command invocation is supplemented by one or more command options, version binding options defining the versions to be acted
upon, an action specifier indicating the sort of action to be performed, and a set of object names defining the initial subset of the
object base that's going to be manipulated.
Object names may be given in bound version notation, i.e. a notation that identifies a particular version of an object (e.g.
mkattr.c[2.4]). It is also possible to use a previously assigned symbolic name rather than a numerical version identification (e.g.
mkattr.c[tools-V4R3]). Make sure to escape the bracket-symbols when using csh(1) or tcsh(1) because they have meaning to these shells.
For version selection, any version binding option, as described on the vbind(1) manual page, may be given, or a version bind directive may
be given in brackets added to the file name.
print brief instructions about using vadm
-cache apply the requested operation to objects residing in the derived object cache. The set of actions that may be performed on binary
pool objects is limited.
don't ask for confirmation when deleting versions from a history.
Suppress the notification mail to the user who holds the lock on a history when breaking this lock (-unlock option).
suppress any prompts, informal messages and user dialogues. Default values are assumed for everything that might otherwise be
inquired interactively. This option is useful for batch operation.
-stdin forces vadm to read a descriptive text, note or intent from standard input if action -set is selected. The note is used for all
specified AtFS objects. Otherwise your favorite editor (taken from the EDITOR environment variable) is invoked.
print version information about the vadm program itself. No action will be performed on the database.
vadm will perform all of its operations upon a specified set of AtFS version objects. In case no such set is specified, the operation will
be applied to the most recently saved versions of the named object(s).
The kind of action to be performed upon a specified set of AtFS objects is indicated by a keyword. The following actions are defined:
-alias version alias name
assigns the version alias name to the specified version. The name works as an alias for the version number, so it must be different
from any other symbolic name assigned to any version object in a particular object history. It is, however, possible to assign the
same symbolic name to version objects in different object histories. An object history is usually denoted by a name, similarly to a
The use of alias names is a simple but effective way to associate component members of a system configuration. Typical symbolic
names will look something like Mysystem_Release_4.22, indicating that version objects with this name are part of release 4.22 of the
system in question.
Return rthe value of the named attribute. This may be a standard attribute or a user defined attribute. Check the list below for a
complete list of standard attribute names.
defines a user defined attribute with name attrname and sets it to the value value for all specified version objects. This option
may also be used to set the value of certain standard attributes (see list below). If attrname is followed by a single equal-sym-
bol, the respective value of the object is set (or reset) to the specified value. Any previous values will be overwritten. If attr-
name is immediately followed by the symbols ``plus-equal'' (+=), the specified attribute value will be appended to the current value
of the referenced attribute. Accordingly, ``minus-equal'' (-=) should remove the specified value from the given attribute. In the
current implementation, removal of single values is not supported.
There are four basic kinds of user defined attribute values: genuine values, reference values, execution values, and pointer values.
The kind of an attribute value is determined when it is set. If the first character of value is an at character (@), the rest of
value is taken to be the name of a file the contents of which will be taken as the value of the attribute. This substitution takes
place immediately, i.e. the attribute has a genuine value. If the filename is specified as ``-'', the attributes value will be read
from standard input. If the first character is a circumflex character (^), the rest of value is interpreted as the name of a file
whose contents will be substituted for the attribute when it is cited. If the first character of value is an exclamation mark char-
acter (!), the rest of value is interpreted as the name of a program whose standard output will be substituted for the attribute
when it is cited. Execution values can be used to generate highly dynamic attributes or even a primitive form of event triggers. An
asterisk (*) as first character of value indicates a pointer to another version. In this case, the remainder of value must be a
valid bound filename.
User defined attributes may be of arbitrary length. Any sequence of ASCII characters - with the exception of 1 (control-A) - is
allowed to make up an attribute value. If attrname was already set to some value, the previous value will be replaced by the newly
With a @filename argument, the -attr option reads names and values of user defined attributes from the named file Each entry (each
line) in the attribute file must have a format as described above. The files last character must be a newline character.
sets user the author of a particular revision. Normally, the author of a revision is considered the user who saved that revision.
However, as certain permissions are tied to the author attribute of a revision, circumstances may occur that make it necessary to
change the author.
changes the access permission code of the specified version objects to the supplied three-octal-digit protection. Currently, the
access permissions are centered around UNIX' notions of owner, group, and world access as well as the access categories read, write,
and execute. These permissions are inherited upon save from the permissions of the file representing the busy object of an AtFS his-
tory. See chmod(2) for details.
sets user the owner of an entire object history. This option is not supported on BSD type systems, as only the superuser may change
the owner of a file.
deletes the user defined attribute attrname from the set of attributes associated with the specified version objects.
removes the specified version objects from the object base, provided the objects' status is saved. Any other status indicates that
some kind of project interaction concerning this object might be in progress. If the programmer wants to delete such a version
object anyway, he has to -unpromote the respective objects status to saved before it can actually be deleted.
-l, -lock [version binding]
tries to reserve the privilege to add a new version to an objects history, thus preventing multiple programmers working upon the
same object base from interfering with each other by saving concurrent updates. If the locking operation succeeds, write permission
is given for the corresponding files in the development directory. When setting a new lock on an object history, the requesting user
is prompted for an optional description of the planned changes.
In order to lock an object history successfully, the history must not be locked by any other programmer, and the programmer request-
ing the lock must have write permission on the AtFS subdirectory hosting the object base.
As ShapeTools allows locking of single generations within a history, -lock optionally expects an argument denoting a generation.
Default is the most recent generation. The argument may be a generation number (e.g. 2), a version number (e.g. 1.4), or a version
alias (e.g. release-4.7).
opens a new generation by duplicating the identified version. The version must be locked. Any existing busy versions are ignored by
this action. If no version binding is specified, the last saved version is taken by default.
assigns the next-better value to the specified objects' state attribute. There are six states that an object instance can be in:
busy, saved, proposed, published, accessed, and frozen. Version states are intended to relate to visibility and operational restric-
tions (see for example -delete) within a complex project environment.
Due to the current lack of project library support, the version states have very little actual functionality. Implemented to its
full extent, certain state transitions may only be triggered by appropriately authorized users. The transitions busy->saved and
saved->proposed will be triggered by regular programmers, whereas the remaining transitions have to be initiated by the project
Each transition corresponds to a specific action or interaction within a general software project communication scheme. As these
actions/interactions will be functionally supported by the project support system currently under development, the explicit manipu-
lation of object states will no longer be necessary (except, perhaps for manual adjusting of ill situations).
The following actions relate to the state transitions:
save (busy->saved, performed by programmer)
sbmt (saved->proposed, performed by programmer)
accpt (proposed->published, performed by project administrator)
accs (published->accessed, performed by any project member)
release (accessed->frozen, performed by project administrator)
A different interface to the status control facilities of vadm is provided by the program aliases sbmt, publ, accs, and frze. These
commands correspond to conceptual project interactions like submit, publish, access, and freeze.
Submit is the operation performed by a team programmer when a work result (such as a completed change request) is proposed for
inclusion into the official system configuration. The associated status is proposed.
Publish is an operation that is typically performed by members of the quality assurance group, when a work result, as proposed by a
team programmer is approved and thus included into the current official system configuration. The associated status is published.
Access is an operation that is performed during configuration identification, when component versions of a (sub-)product are incor-
porated into some other (partial) (sub-)system configuration. The associated status is accessed.
Freeze is an operation that is performed during configuration identification, when a global release of the entire system configura-
tion is established. The associated status is frozen
-set [description | note | intent]
allows to set or modify the descriptive text for an AtFS history object (i.e. an entire version history), the note usually describ-
ing the differences of a version object with respect to its preceding version, or an entry describing a planned change. (Re-) set-
ting the change intention may be appropriate, if a previously set change intent has been consumed by a sbmt command that retained
the lock on an object history.
vadm will check the callers environment for the EDITOR variable and invoke the program identified therein. If the EDITOR variable is
not set, the systems default editor will be activated. The user may write an arbitrary length descriptive or note entry using the
editor. When the user leaves the editor, the resulting text is stored with the object history or the specified version objects.
sets commentstring as the (sequence of) character(s) that opens a comment line within the formalism of the document. This com-
ment_string will be prepended to the lines of the log history when the $__log$ attribute is expanded within the text of a revision.
gives up the previously reserved privilege to update the history of an AtFS object and clears the write-permission for the corre-
sponding files. -unlock may be used by the owner of an object history to break a lock previously set by any programmer. This option
is useful to resolve deadlock situations resulting from careless use of -lock, or exceptional circumstances that require immediate
updating of an object history, even if the lock holder is not present. The previous owner of a broken lock is notified by a mail
message. Under some circumstances mail-notifications upon broken locks can be annoying (e.g. when a development tree has been moved
to another system or domain with locked busy-versions; in this case the owner must break the locks to check the busy-versions back
into the version archives at the new site). To avoid this effect, the switch -nomail can be used to suppress mail notification.
An eventually expressed change intention (see -lock) will be cleared.
Technically, the owner of an objects history is the owner of the AtFS subdirectory hosting the object base.
reverses a state transition carried out through a prior -promote. The same remarks about functional embedding (and thus hiding the
state transitions) of state transitions made for -promote hold for -unpromote.
PREDEFINED ATTRIBUTE NAMES
Name Meaning Value Remarks
alias version alias names list of alias names, like1,3
``vadm-4.2pre7'' or ``ShapeTools-1.4''
atime time of last access e.g. ``Tue Jan 14 18:47:06 1992''3
author user who saved a version firstname.lastname@example.org (domain name does1,3
usually not include the hostname)
cachekey unique key for cached versionscompound numeric built from3
creation date, process id, and a serial
number e.g. ``740148430.18469.6''
clead comment line leader symbol dependent on file type1
e.g. ``# '' for Shapefiles
ctime time of last status change as atime
Description descriptive text for modulemulti line text2
dsize size of delta to previous numeric
version in bytes
generation major revision number numeric1,3
Header RCS-style version header text
Intent change intent multi line text 2
host name of current host e.g. ``avalanche'' 3
Log cumulative descriptive entries multi line text
of all versions from the first
up to this one
lock/locker user who locks a historyas author3
ltime time of last lock transaction as atime3
mode access pprotection e.g. ``-rw-r--r--'' 1
mtime time of last modification as atime3
name name part of an object identifier e.g. ``foo'' for ``foo.c''3
note short note describing the multi line text1, 2
changes in this version
owner user who owns the repository in as author1,3
which this version is archived
pred bound version identifier of e.g. ``foo.c[3.22]'' or ``n/a''
revision minor revision number numeric1,3
rtime last time when history was locked as atime
self bound version identifier for e.g. ``foo.c[3.23]''
selfpath bound version identifier fore.g. ``/usr/proj/sample/foo.c[3.23]''
this version including path
size size of the version in bytes numeric3
state/status version status symbolic integers (busy,1,3
saved, proposed, published,
accessed, and frozen)
stime time when the version was saved as atime3
succ bound version identifier of as pred
syspath pathname part of an object e.g. ``/usr/proj/sample''3
identifier for ``/usr/proj/sample/foo.c''
type suffix part of an object e.g. ``c'' for ``foo.c''3
unixname UNIX file name of this versione.g. ``foo.c''
unixpath UNIX file name of this versione.g. ``/usr/proj/sample/foo.c''
version compound version number e.g. ``3.22''1,3
consisting of generation
and revision number
vtime version time, modification time as atime
for busy versions od save time
for saved/cached versions
xpoff pseudo attribute that turns none
off subsequent attribute
xpon pseudo attribute that turns none
1 - may be modified by vadm -attr name=value.
2 - may be modified by vadm -set <type>.
3 - recognized by attr* predicates in version bind rules (see bindrules(7)).
save(1), retrv(1), vl(1), vbind(1)
Uli.Pralle@cs.tu-berlin.de, Axel.Mahler@cs.tu-berlin.de, Andreas.Lampen@cs.tu-berlin.de
vadm-4.10 Fri Jul 9 16:30:15 1993 vadm(1)