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troff(1) [bsd man page]

TROFF(1)						      General Commands Manual							  TROFF(1)

NAME
troff, nroff - text formatting and typesetting SYNOPSIS
troff [ option ] ... [ file ] ... nroff [ option ] ... [ file ] ... DESCRIPTION
Troff formats text in the named files for printing on a Graphic Systems C/A/T phototypesetter; nroff is used for for typewriter-like devices. Their capabilities are described in the Nroff/Troff user's manual. If no file argument is present, the standard input is read. An argument consisting of a single minus (-) is taken to be a file name corre- sponding to the standard input. The options, which may appear in any order so long as they appear before the files, are: -olist Print only pages whose page numbers appear in the comma-separated list of numbers and ranges. A range N-M means pages N through M; an initial -N means from the beginning to page N; and a final N- means from N to the end. -nN Number first generated page N. -sN Stop every N pages. Nroff will halt prior to every N pages (default N=1) to allow paper loading or changing, and will resume upon receipt of a newline. Troff will stop the phototypesetter every N pages, produce a trailer to allow changing cassettes, and resume when the typesetter's start button is pressed. -mname Prepend the macro file /usr/share/tmac/tmac.name to the input files. -raN Set register a (one-character) to N. -i Read standard input after the input files are exhausted. -q Invoke the simultaneous input-output mode of the rd request. Troff only -t Direct output to the standard output instead of the phototypesetter. -f Refrain from feeding out paper and stopping phototypesetter at the end of the run. -w Wait until phototypesetter is available, if currently busy. -b Report whether the phototypesetter is busy or available. No text processing is done. -a Send a printable ASCII approximation of the results to the standard output. -pN Print all characters in point size N while retaining all prescribed spacings and motions, to reduce phototypesetter elapsed time. -Ffontdir The directory fontdir contains the font width tables instead of the default directory /usr/share/fonts. This option can be used to produce output for devices besides the phototypesetter. If the file /usr/adm/tracct is writable, troff keeps phototypesetter accounting records there. The integrity of that file may be secured by making troff a 'set user-id' program. FILES
/tmp/ta* temporary file /usr/share/tmac/tmac.* standard macro files /usr/share/term/* terminal driving tables for nroff /usr/share/font/* font width tables for troff /dev/cat phototypesetter /usr/adm/tracct accounting statistics for /dev/cat SEE ALSO
J. F. Ossanna, Nroff/Troff user's manual B. W. Kernighan, A TROFF Tutorial eqn(1), tbl(1), ms(7), me(7), man(7), col(1) 7th Edition October 22, 1996 TROFF(1)

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TROFF(1)						      General Commands Manual							  TROFF(1)

NAME
troff, nroff - text formatting and typesetting SYNOPSIS
troff [ option ... ] [ file ... ] nroff [ option ... ] [ file ... ] DESCRIPTION
Troff formats text in the named files for printing on a typesetter. Nroff does the same, but produces output suitable for typewriter-like devices. If no file argument is present, the standard input is read. An argument consisting of a single minus (-) is taken to be a file name corre- sponding to the standard input. The options are: -olist Print pages in the comma-separated list of numbers and ranges. A range N-M means N through M; initial -M means up to M; final N- means from N to the end. -nN Number first generated page N. -mname Process the macro file /sys/lib/tmac/tmac.name before the input files. -raN Set register a (one character name) to N. -i Read standard input after the input files are exhausted. -q Invoke the simultaneous input-output mode of the rd request. -N Produce output suitable for typewriter-like devices. Typesetter devices (not -N) only -a Send a printable textual approximation of the results to the standard output. -Tdest Prepare output for typesetter dest: -Tutf (The default.) PostScript printers with preprocessing to handle Unicode characters encoded in UTF -Tpost Regular PostScript printers -T202 Mergenthaler Linotron 202 -Fdir Take font information from directory dir. Typewriter (-N) output only -sN Halt prior to every N pages (default N=1) to allow paper loading or changing. -Tname Prepare output for specified terminal. Known names include utf for the normal Plan 9 UTF encoding of the Unicode Standard charac- ter set (default), 37 for the Teletype model 37, lp (`line-printer') for any terminal without half-line capability, 450 for the DASI-450 (Diablo Hyterm), and think (HP ThinkJet). -e Produce equally-spaced words in adjusted lines, using full terminal resolution. -h Use output tabs during horizontal spacing to speed output and reduce output character count. Tab settings are assumed to be every 8 nominal character widths. FILES
/tmp/trtmp* temporary file /sys/lib/tmac/tmac.* standard macro files /sys/lib/troff/term/* terminal driving tables for nroff /sys/lib/troff/font/* font width tables for troff SOURCE
/sys/src/cmd/troff SEE ALSO
lp(1), proof(1), eqn(1), tbl(1), pic(1), grap(1), doctype(1), ms(6), mpm(6), bitmap(6), tex(1), deroff(1) J. F. Ossanna and B. W. Kernighan, ``Troff User's Manual'' B. W. Kernighan, ``A TROFF Tutorial'', Unix Research System Programmer's Manual, Tenth Edition, Volume 2. TROFF(1)

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