PNEWS(1) General Commands Manual PNEWS(1)NAME
Pnews - a program for posting news articles
Pnews newsgroup title
Pnews -h headerfile [oldarticle]
Pnews is a friendly interface for posting news articles. It will ask several questions, then allow you to enter your article, and then
post it using the inews(1) program. If you type h and a carriage return at any point, Pnews will tell you what it wants to know.
The -h form is used when invoked from rn. If your editor can edit multiple files, and you want the article to which you are replying to
show up as an alternate file, define the environment variable NEWSPOSTER as "Pnews -h %h %A". You can also modify the the NEWSHEADER envi-
ronment variable to change the header file that rn passes to Pnews.
If defined, contains the name of a file to which the finished article will be appended.
Default: article not saved
DOTDIR Where to find your dot files, if they aren't in your home directory. This is primarily for accounts which are shared by more than
EDITOR The editor you want to use, if VISUAL is undefined.
Default: whatever your news administrator installed, usually vi.
HOME Your home directory.
LOGDIR Your home directory if HOME is undefined.
LOGNAME Your login name, if USER is undefined.
Default: value of "whoami".
NAME Your full name.
Default: name from /etc/passwd, or ~/.fullname.
Either the name of your organization, or the name of a file containing the name of your organization.
Default: whatever your news administrator chose.
USER Your login name.
VISUAL The editor you want to use.
SEE ALSO rn(1), Rnmail(1), inews(1)DIAGNOSTICS BUGS
Not the speediest program in the world, but maybe that's a blessing to the net.
Check Out this Related Man Page
INEWS(1) General Commands Manual INEWS(1)NAME
inews - send a Usenet article to the local news server for distribution
inews [ -h ] [ -D ] [ -O ] [ -R ] [ -S ] [ header_flags ] [ input ]
Inews reads a Usenet news article (perhaps with headers) from the named file or standard input if no file is given. It adds some headers
and performs some consistency checks. If the article does not meet these checks (for example, too much quoting of old articles, or posting
to non-existent newsgroups) then the article is rejected. If it passes the checks, inews sends the article to the local news server as
specified in the inn.conf(5) file for distribution.
OPTIONS -h In the standard mode of operation, the input consists of the article headers, a blank line, and the message body. For compatibility
with older software, the ``-h'' flag must be used. If there are no headers in the message, then this flag may be omitted.
-O The default Organization header will be provided if none is present in the article or if the ``-o'' flag is not used. To prevent
adding the default, use the ``-O'' flag.
-D As a debugging aide, if the ``-D'' flag is used, the consistency checks will be performed, and the article will be sent to the stan-
dard output, rather then sent to the server.
-A -V -W
For compatibility with C News, inews accepts, but ignores, the ``-A'', ``-V'' and ``-W'' flags.
-N The C News ``-N'' flag is treated as the ``-D'' flag.
-S If a file named .signature exists in the user's home directory, inews will try to append it to the end of the article. If the file
cannot be read, or if it is too long (for example, more than four lines or one standard I/O buffer), or if some other problem
occurs, then the article will not be posted. To suppress this action use the ``-S'' flag.
-R If the ``-R'' flag is used then inews will reject any attempts to post control messages.
Several headers may be specified on the command line, shown in the synopsis above as header_flags. Each of these flags takes a sin-
gle parameter; if the value is more than one word (for example, almost all Subject lines) then quotes must be used to prevent the
shell from splitting it into multiple words. The options, and their equivalent header, are as follows:
x Path prefix
If the ``-x'' flag is used, then its value will be the start of the header. Any other host will see the site in the header, and
therefore not offer the article to that site. The Path will always end not-for-mail.
If an unapproved posting is made to a moderated newsgroup, inews will try to mail the article to the moderator for posting. It will query
the remote news server for a moderators listing. If that doesn't succeed, it will fallback to using the local moderators(5) file to deter-
mine the mailing address. If no address is found, it will use the inn.conf file to determine a ``last-chance'' host to try.
If the NNTP server needs to authenticate the client, inews will use the NNTPsendpassword(3) routine to authenticate itself. In order to do
this, the program will need read access to the passwd.nntp(5) file. This is typically done by having the file group-readable and making
inews run setgid to that group.
Inews exits with a zero status if the article was succesfully posted or mailed, or with a non-zero status if the article could not be
Since inews will spool its input if the server is unavailable, it is usually necessary to run rnews(1) with the ``-U'' flag on a regular
basis, usually out of cron(8).
Written by Rich $alz <firstname.lastname@example.org> for InterNetNews. This is revision 1.27, dated 1996/10/29.
SEE ALSO moderators(5), inn.conf(5). rnews(1).