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Richard Stallman's GNU project was also started in response to AT&T's increasingly restrictive Unix software licensing terms.
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news(1) [bsd man page]

news(1) 							   User Commands							   news(1)

news - print news items SYNOPSIS
news [-a] [-n] [-s] [items] DESCRIPTION
news is used to keep the user informed of current events. By convention, these events are described by files in the directory /var/news. When invoked without arguments, news prints the contents of all current files in /var/news, most recent first, with each preceded by an appropriate header. news stores the ``currency'' time as the modification date of a file named .news_time in the user's home directory (the identity of this directory is determined by the environment variable $HOME ); only files more recent than this currency time are considered ``current.'' OPTIONS
-a Print all items, regardless of currency. In this case, the stored time is not changed. -n Report the names of the current items without printing their contents, and without changing the stored time. -s report how many current items exist, without printing their names or contents, and without changing the stored time. It is useful to include such an invocation of news in one's .profile file, or in the system's /etc/profile. All other arguments are assumed to be specific news items that are to be printed. If a delete is typed during the printing of a news item, printing stops and the next item is started. Another delete within one second of the first causes the program to terminate. ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
See environ(5) for a description of the LC_CTYPE environment variable that affects the execution of news. FILES
/etc/profile /var/news/* $HOME/.news_time ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | |Availability |SUNWesu | |CSI |Enabled | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
profile(4), attributes(5), environ(5) SunOS 5.10 20 Dec 1996 news(1)

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RC.NEWS(8)						    InterNetNews Documentation							RC.NEWS(8)

NAME - Start or stop INN daemons SYNOPSIS [start | stop] DESCRIPTION can be used to start or stop innd and supporting programs. It checks to make sure INN is not already running, handles cases of unclean shutdown, finishes up tasks which might have been interrupted by the preceding shutdown, e-mails certain boot-time warnings to newsmaster (as set in inn.conf), and is generally safer and easier than starting and stopping everything directly. It needs to be run as the news user so that files in pathrun are created with the right ownership (though this is less important for " stop"). Programs run and stopped by this script include: o Always: innd is started or stopped. o If doinnwatch is true in inn.conf: innwatch is started and stopped. o If docnfsstat is true in inn.conf: cnfsstat is started and stopped. o If ovmethod is set to "ovdb" in inn.conf: ovdb_init is run; ovdb_server and ovdb_monitor are stopped. o If exists in pathbin: is run with argument "start" or "stop" (to perform site-specific startup or shutdown tasks). OPTIONS
"start" If the first argument is "start", or no first argument is given, initiates INN startup. "stop" If the first argument is "stop", initiates INN shutdown. It is recommended to throttle the server first as described in ctlinnd(8). EXAMPLES
To start INN and leave certain error messages going to the terminal: su - news -c <pathbin in inn.conf>/ To run INN at startup time from appropriate system boot scripts: su - news -c <pathbin>/ >/dev/console To stop INN (throttling first): <pathbin>/ctlinnd throttle reason su - news -c '<pathbin>/ stop' BUGS
Running " start" as root is never the right thing to do, so we should at minimum check for this and error, or perhaps change effective user ID. HISTORY
// FIXME: any attribution for itself? This manual page written by Jeffrey M. Vinocur <> for InterNetNews. $Id: 9340 2011-08-16 13:50:19Z iulius $ SEE ALSO
ctlinnd(8), cnfsstat(8), inn.conf(5), innwatch(8), ovdb(5). INN 2.5.3 2011-08-22 RC.NEWS(8)

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