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BSD 2.11 - man page for msgs (bsd section 1)

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MSGS(1) 										  MSGS(1)

       msgs - system messages and junk mail program

       msgs [ -fhlpq ] [ number ] [ -number ]

       msgs -s

       msgs -c [ -days ]

       Msgs  is  used  to  read system messages.  These messages are sent by mailing to the login
       `msgs' and should be short pieces of information which are suitable to  be  read  once  by
       most users of the system.

       Msgs  is  normally invoked each time you login, by placing it in the file .login (.profile
       if you use /bin/sh).  It will then prompt you with the source and subject of each new mes-
       sage.   If  there is no subject line, the first few non-blank lines of the message will be
       displayed.  If there is more to the message, you will be told how long  it  is  and  asked
       whether you wish to see the rest of the message.  The possible responses are:

       y      type the rest of the message.

       RETURN synonym for y.

       n      skip this message and go on to the next message.

       -      redisplay the last message.

       q      drops  you out of msgs; the next time you run the program it will pick up where you
	      left off.

       s      append the current message to the file ``Messages'' in the current directory;  `s-'
	      will  save  the  previously  displayed  message. A `s' or `s-' may be followed by a
	      space and a file name to receive the message replacing the default ``Messages''.

       m      or `m-' causes a copy of the specified message to be placed in a temporary  mailbox
	      and mail(1) to be invoked on that mailbox.  Both `m' and `s' accept a numeric argu-
	      ment in place of the `-'.

       Msgs keeps track of the next message you will see by a number in the file .msgsrc in  your
       home  directory.   In  the directory /usr/msgs it keeps a set of files whose names are the
       (sequential) numbers of the messages they represent.  The file /usr/msgs/bounds shows  the
       low and high number of the messages in the directory so that msgs can quickly determine if
       there are no messages for you.  If the contents of bounds is incorrect it can be fixed  by
       removing it; msgs will make a new bounds file the next time it is run.

       The -s option is used for setting up the posting of messages.  The line

	      msgs: "| /usr/ucb/msgs -s"

       should be include in /etc/aliases to enable posting of messages.

       The  -c	option	is used for performing cleanup on /usr/msgs.  An entry with the -c option
       should be placed in /etc/crontab to run every night.  This will remove all  messages  over
       21  days old.  A different expiration may be specified on the command line to override the

       Options when reading messages include:

       -f     which causes it not to say ``No new messages.''.	This is  useful  in  your  .login
	      file since this is often the case here.

       -q     Queries  whether	there are messages, printing ``There are new messages.'' if there
	      are.  The command ``msgs -q'' is often used in login scripts.

       -h     causes msgs to print the first part of messages only.

       -l     option causes only locally originated messages to be reported.

       num    A message number can be given on the command line, causing msgs  to  start  at  the
	      specified  message  rather than at the next message indicated by your .msgsrc file.

		  msgs -h 1

	      prints the first part of all messages.

	      will cause msgs to start number messages	back  from  the  one  indicated  by  your
	      .msgsrc file, useful for reviews of recent messages.

       -p     causes long messages to be piped through more(1).

       Within  msgs  you  can  also  go  to  any  specific message by typing its number when msgs
       requests input as to what to do.

       /usr/msgs/*	   database
       ~/.msgsrc	   number of next message to be presented

       William Joy
       David Wasley

       aliases(5), crontab(5), mail(1), more(1)

4th Berkeley Distribution		 October 22, 1996				  MSGS(1)
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