The arguments are taken as an expression. After evaluation, the result is written on the standard output. Each token of the expression is
a separate argument.
The operators and keywords are listed below. The list is in order of increasing precedence, with equal precedence operators grouped.
expr | expr
yields the first expr if it is neither null nor `0', otherwise yields the second expr.
expr & expr
yields the first expr if neither expr is null or `0', otherwise yields `0'.
expr relop expr
where relop is one of < <= = != >= >, yields `1' if the indicated comparison is true, `0' if false. The comparison is numeric if
both expr are integers, otherwise lexicographic.
expr + expr
expr - expr
addition or subtraction of the arguments.
expr * expr
expr / expr
expr % expr
multiplication, division, or remainder of the arguments.
expr : expr
The matching operator compares the string first argument with the regular expression second argument; regular expression syntax is
the same as that of ed(1). The \(...\) pattern symbols can be used to select a portion of the first argument. Otherwise, the
matching operator yields the number of characters matched (`0' on failure).
( expr )
parentheses for grouping.
To add 1 to the Shell variable a:
a=`expr $a + 1`
To find the filename part (least significant part) of the pathname stored in variable a, which may or may not contain `/':
expr $a : '.*/\(.*\)' '|' $a
Note the quoted Shell metacharacters.