# expr(1) [bsd man page]

EXPR(1) General Commands Manual EXPR(1)NAME

expr - evaluate arguments as an expressionSYNOPSIS

expr arg ...DESCRIPTION

The arguments are taken as an expression. After evaluation, the result is written on the standard output. Each token of the expression is a separate argument. The operators and keywords are listed below. The list is in order of increasing precedence, with equal precedence operators grouped. expr | expr yields the first expr if it is neither null nor `0', otherwise yields the second expr. expr & expr yields the first expr if neither expr is null or `0', otherwise yields `0'. expr relop expr where relop is one of < <= = != >= >, yields `1' if the indicated comparison is true, `0' if false. The comparison is numeric if both expr are integers, otherwise lexicographic. expr + expr expr - expr addition or subtraction of the arguments. expr * expr expr / expr expr % expr multiplication, division, or remainder of the arguments. expr : expr The matching operator compares the string first argument with the regular expression second argument; regular expression syntax is the same as that of ed(1). The (...) pattern symbols can be used to select a portion of the first argument. Otherwise, the matching operator yields the number of characters matched (`0' on failure). ( expr ) parentheses for grouping. Examples: To add 1 to the Shell variable a: a=`expr $a + 1` To find the filename part (least significant part) of the pathname stored in variable a, which may or may not contain `/': expr $a : '.*/(.*)' '|' $a Note the quoted Shell metacharacters.SEE ALSO

sh(1), test(1)DIAGNOSTICS

Expr returns the following exit codes: 0 if the expression is neither null nor `0', 1 if the expression is null or `0', 2 for invalid expressions.7th EditionApril 29, 1985 EXPR(1)

## Check Out this Related Man Page

EXPR(1) BSD General Commands Manual EXPR(1)NAME

exprevaluate expression--SYNOPSIS

expr expressionDESCRIPTION

The expr utility evaluates expression and writes the result on standard output. All operators are separate arguments to the expr utility. Characters special to the command interpreter must be escaped. Operators are listed below in order of increasing precedence. Operators with equal precedence are grouped within { } symbols. expr1 | expr2 Returns the evaluation of expr1 if it is neither an empty string nor zero; otherwise, returns the evaluation of expr2. expr1 & expr2 Returns the evaluation of expr1 if neither expression evaluates to an empty string or zero; otherwise, returns zero. expr1 {=, >, >=, <, <=, !=} expr2 Returns the results of integer comparison if both arguments are integers; otherwise, returns the results of string comparison using the locale-specific collation sequence. The result of each comparison is 1 if the specified relation is true, or 0 if the relation is false. expr1 {+, -} expr2 Returns the results of addition or subtraction of integer-valued arguments. expr1 {*, /, %} expr2 Returns the results of multiplication, integer division, or remainder of integer-valued arguments. expr1 : expr2 The ``:'' operator matches expr1 against expr2, which must be a regular expression. The regular expression is anchored to the begin- ning of the string with an implicit ``^''. expr expects "basic" regular expressions, see re_format(7) for more information on regu- lar expressions. If the match succeeds and the pattern contains at least one regular expression subexpression ``(...)'', the string corresponding to ``1'' is returned; otherwise the matching operator returns the number of characters matched. If the match fails and the pattern contains a regular expression subexpression the null string is returned; otherwise 0. Parentheses are used for grouping in the usual manner.EXAMPLES

1. The following example adds one to the variable a. a=`expr $a + 1` 2. The following example returns the filename portion of a pathname stored in variable a. The // characters act to eliminate ambiguity with the division operator. expr //$a : '.*/(.*)' 3. The following example returns the number of characters in variable a. expr $a : '.*'DIAGNOSTICS

The expr utility exits with one of the following values: 0 the expression is neither an empty string nor 0. 1 the expression is an empty string or 0. 2 the expression is invalid.STANDARDS

The expr utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'').BSD

July 3, 1993 BSD