# expr(1) [bsd man page]

EXPR(1) General Commands Manual EXPR(1)NAME

expr - evaluate arguments as an expressionSYNOPSIS

expr arg ...DESCRIPTION

The arguments are taken as an expression. After evaluation, the result is written on the standard output. Each token of the expression is a separate argument. The operators and keywords are listed below. The list is in order of increasing precedence, with equal precedence operators grouped. expr | expr yields the first expr if it is neither null nor `0', otherwise yields the second expr. expr & expr yields the first expr if neither expr is null or `0', otherwise yields `0'. expr relop expr where relop is one of < <= = != >= >, yields `1' if the indicated comparison is true, `0' if false. The comparison is numeric if both expr are integers, otherwise lexicographic. expr + expr expr - expr addition or subtraction of the arguments. expr * expr expr / expr expr % expr multiplication, division, or remainder of the arguments. expr : expr The matching operator compares the string first argument with the regular expression second argument; regular expression syntax is the same as that of ed(1). The (...) pattern symbols can be used to select a portion of the first argument. Otherwise, the matching operator yields the number of characters matched (`0' on failure). ( expr ) parentheses for grouping. Examples: To add 1 to the Shell variable a: a=`expr $a + 1` To find the filename part (least significant part) of the pathname stored in variable a, which may or may not contain `/': expr $a : '.*/(.*)' '|' $a Note the quoted Shell metacharacters.SEE ALSO

sh(1), test(1)DIAGNOSTICS

Expr returns the following exit codes: 0 if the expression is neither null nor `0', 1 if the expression is null or `0', 2 for invalid expressions.7th EditionApril 29, 1985 EXPR(1)

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expr(1) General Commands Manual expr(1)Nameexpr - evaluate expressionsSyntaxexpr arg...DescriptionThe arguments are taken as an expression. After evaluation, the result is written on the standard output. Each token of the expression is a separate argument. The operators and keywords are listed below. The list is in order of increasing precedence, with equal precedence operators grouped. expr | expr Yields the first expr if it is neither null nor 0. Otherwise yields the second expr. expr & expr Yields the first expr if neither expr is null or 0. Otherwise yields 0. expr relop expr The relop is one of < <= = != >= > and yields 1 if the indicated comparison is true, '0' if false. The comparison is numeric if both expr are integers, otherwise lexicographic. expr + expr expr - expr Yields addition or subtraction of the arguments. expr * expr expr / expr expr % expr Yields multiplication, division, or remainder of the arguments. expr : expr The matching operator compares the string first argument with the regular expression second argument; regular expres- sion syntax is the same as that of The (...) pattern symbols can be used to select a portion of the first argument. Otherwise, the matching operator yields the number of characters matched ('0' on failure). ( expr ) parentheses for grouping.ExamplesThe first example adds 1 to the Shell variable a: a=`expr $a + 1` The second example finds the file name part (least significant part) of the pathname stored in variable a, expr $a : '.*/(.*)' '|' $a Note the quoted Shell metacharacters.DiagnosticsThe command returns the following exit codes: 0 The expression is neither null nor '0'. 1 The expression is null or '0'. 2 The expression is invalid.See Alsoed(1), sh(1), test(1) expr(1)