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vmstat(1) [bsd man page]

VMSTAT(1)						      General Commands Manual							 VMSTAT(1)

NAME
vmstat - report virtual memory statistics SYNOPSIS
vmstat [ -fsi ] [ drives ] [ interval [ count ] ] DESCRIPTION
Vmstat delves into the system and normally reports certain statistics kept about process, virtual memory, disk, trap and cpu activity. If given a -f argument, it instead reports on the number of forks and vforks since system startup and the number of pages of virtual memory involved in each kind of fork. If given a -s argument, it instead prints the contents of the sum structure, giving the total number of several kinds of paging related events which have occurred since boot. If given a -i argument, it instead reports on the number of inter- rupts taken by each device since system startup. If none of these options are given, vmstat will report in the first line a summary of the virtual memory activity since the system has been booted. If interval is specified, then successive lines are summaries over the last interval seconds. ``vmstat 5'' will print what the system is doing every five seconds; this is a good choice of printing interval since this is how often some of the statistics are sampled in the system; others vary every second, running the output for a while will make it apparent which are recomputed every second. If a count is given, the statistics are repeated count times. The format fields are: Procs: information about numbers of processes in various states. r in run queue b blocked for resources (i/o, paging, etc.) w runnable or short sleeper (< 20 secs) but swapped Memory: information about the usage of virtual and real memory. Virtual pages are considered active if they belong to processes which are running or have run in the last 20 seconds. A ``page'' here is 1024 bytes. avm active virtual pages fre size of the free list Page: information about page faults and paging activity. These are averaged each five seconds, and given in units per second. re page reclaims (simulating reference bits) at pages attached (found in free list) pi pages paged in po pages paged out fr pages freed per second de anticipated short term memory shortfall sr pages scanned by clock algorithm, per-second up/hp/rk/ra: Disk operations per second (this field is system dependent). Typically paging will be split across several of the available drives. The number under each of these is the unit number. Faults: trap/interrupt rate averages per second over last 5 seconds. in (non clock) device interrupts per second sy system calls per second cs cpu context switch rate (switches/sec) Cpu: breakdown of percentage usage of CPU time us user time for normal and low priority processes sy system time id cpu idle If more than 4 disk drives are configured in the system, vmstat displays only the first 4 drives, with priority given to Massbus disk drives (i.e. if both Unibus and Massbus drives are present and the total number of drives exceeds 4, then some number of Unibus drives will not be displayed in favor of the Massbus drives). To force vmstat to display specific drives, their names may be supplied on the command line. FILES
/dev/kmem, /vmunix SEE ALSO
systat(1), iostat(1) The sections starting with ``Interpreting system activity'' in Installing and Operating 4.2bsd. 4th Berkeley Distribution March 15, 1986 VMSTAT(1)

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VMSTAT(1)						    BSD General Commands Manual 						 VMSTAT(1)

NAME
vmstat -- report virtual memory statistics SYNOPSIS
vmstat [-CefHiLlmstUvW] [-c count] [-h hashname] [-M core] [-N system] [-u histname] [-w wait] [disks] DESCRIPTION
vmstat reports certain kernel statistics kept about process, virtual memory, disk, trap, and CPU activity. The options are as follows: -C Report on kernel memory caches. Combine with the -m option to see information about memory pools that back the caches. -c count Repeat the display count times. The first display is for the time since a reboot and each subsequent report is for the time period since the last display. If no wait interval is specified, the default is 1 second. -e Report the values of system event counters. -f Report fork statistics. -H Report all hash table statistics. -h hashname Report hash table statistics for hashname. -i Report the values of system interrupt counters. -L List all the hashes supported for -h and -H. -l List the UVM histories being maintained by the kernel. -M core Extract values associated with the name list from the specified core instead of the default /dev/mem. -m Report on the usage of kernel dynamic memory listed first by size of allocation and then by type of usage, followed by a list of the kernel memory pools and their usage. -N system Extract the name list from the specified system instead of the default /netbsd. -s Display the contents of the uvmexp structure. This contains various paging event and memory status counters. -t Display the contents of the vmtotal structure. This includes information about processes and virtual memory. The process part shows the number of processes in the following states: ru on the run queue dw in disk I/O wait pw waiting for paging sl sleeping The virtual memory section shows: total-v Total virtual memory active-v Active virtual memory in use active-r Active real memory in use vm-sh Shared virtual memory avm-sh Active shared virtual memory rm-sh Shared real memory arm-sh Active shared real memory free Free memory All memory values are shown in number of pages. -U Dump all UVM histories. -u histname Dump the specified UVM history. -v Print more verbose information. When used with the -i, -e, or -m options prints out all counters, not just those with non-zero values. -W Print more verbose information about kernel memory pools. -w wait Pause wait seconds between each display. If no repeat count is specified, the default is infinity. By default, vmstat displays the following information: procs Information about the numbers of processes in various states. r in run queue b blocked for resources (i/o, paging, etc.) memory Information about the usage of virtual and real memory. Virtual pages (reported in units of 1024 bytes) are considered active if they belong to processes which are running or have run in the last 20 seconds. avm active virtual pages fre size of the free list page Information about page faults and paging activity. These are averaged every five seconds, and given in units per second. flt total page faults re page reclaims (simulating reference bits) pi pages paged in po pages paged out fr pages freed per second sr pages scanned by clock algorithm, per-second disks Disk transfers per second. Typically paging will be split across the available drives. The header of the field is the first charac- ter of the disk name and the unit number. If more than four disk drives are configured in the system, vmstat displays only the first four drives. To force vmstat to display specific drives, their names may be supplied on the command line. faults Trap/interrupt rate averages per second over last 5 seconds. in device interrupts per interval (including clock interrupts) sy system calls per interval cs CPU context switch rate (switches/interval) cpu Breakdown of percentage usage of CPU time. us user time for normal and low priority processes sy system time id CPU idle FILES
/netbsd default kernel namelist /dev/mem default memory file EXAMPLES
The command ``vmstat -w 5'' will print what the system is doing every five seconds; this is a good choice of printing interval since this is how often some of the statistics are sampled in the system. Others vary every second and running the output for a while will make it appar- ent which are recomputed every second. SEE ALSO
fstat(1), netstat(1), nfsstat(1), ps(1), systat(1), iostat(8), pstat(8) The sections starting with ``Interpreting system activity'' in Installing and Operating 4.3BSD. BUGS
The -c and -w options are only available with the default output. The -l, -U, and -u options are useful only if the system was compiled with support for UVM history. BSD
October 22, 2009 BSD

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