Full Discussion: Shell script not for CGI
Top Forums Programming Shell script not for CGI Post 303041459 by Neo on Monday 25th of November 2019 04:08:36 AM
Using traditional unix shell scripting is not optimal for processing HTTP forms on the server-side, for a number of reasons.

Here is a reference to the programming languages used by the biggest web sites, hopefully you will find this useful:

Programming languages used in most popular websites

Also, if you look at the large Web CMS frameworks, like Wordpress, Joomla, Drupal, etc; most of them are written in PHP. I guess it is just a matter of time when we will start to see huge (highly popular, widely used) CMS frameworks in Python. If anyone knows of one, please post.

If you look at the largest site (Google), their web backend is mostly written in Python.

If you look at the second largest, Facebook, their back end language is most in PHP, followed by YouTube (again written in Python) and then Yahoo, written mostly in PHP.

So, I would consider either Python or PHP if you want to get into the nuts-and-bolts of writing web applications on the server side.

I don't know any top tier web site which uses shell scripts on the server side to process web requests (CGI); however, the list above does show that Amazon and Yahoo both user PERL, but PERL is also not a shell script; it is a programming language like PHP, Python, C#, etc.
This User Gave Thanks to Neo For This Post:
 
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ATF-SH(1)						    BSD General Commands Manual 						 ATF-SH(1)

NAME
atf-sh [-s shell] -- interpreter for shell-based test programs SYNOPSIS
atf-sh script DESCRIPTION
atf-sh is an interpreter that runs the test program given in script after loading the atf-sh(3) library. atf-sh is not a real interpreter though: it is just a wrapper around the system-wide shell defined by ATF_SHELL. atf-sh executes the inter- preter, loads the atf-sh(3) library and then runs the script. You must consider atf-sh to be a POSIX shell by default and thus should not use any non-standard extensions. The following options are available: -s shell Specifies the shell to use instead of the value provided by ATF_SHELL. ENVIRONMENT
ATF_LIBEXECDIR Overrides the builtin directory where atf-sh is located. Should not be overridden other than for testing purposes. ATF_PKGDATADIR Overrides the builtin directory where libatf-sh.subr is located. Should not be overridden other than for testing purposes. ATF_SHELL Path to the system shell to be used in the generated scripts. Scripts must not rely on this variable being set to select a specific interpreter. EXAMPLES
Scripts using atf-sh(3) should start with: #! /usr/bin/env atf-sh Alternatively, if you want to explicitly choose a shell interpreter, you cannot rely on env(1) to find atf-sh. Instead, you have to hardcode the path to atf-sh in the script and then use the -s option afterwards as a single parameter: #! /path/to/bin/atf-sh -s/bin/bash ENVIRONMENT
ATF_SHELL Path to the system shell to be used in the generated scripts. SEE ALSO
atf-sh(3) BSD
September 27, 2014 BSD

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