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Operating Systems Solaris grep and display few lines before and after Post 302098992 by Ygor on Thursday 7th of December 2006 07:38:57 PM
Try...
Code:
nawk 'c-->0;$0~s{if(b)for(c=b+1;c>1;c--)print r[(NR-c+1)%b];print;c=a}b{r[NR%b]=$0}' b=2 a=4 s="string" file1

...where "b" and "a" are the number of lines to print before and after string "s".

---edit----

It's not the best generic solution because it can't handle the case if the search string is repeated in the "before" lines.

A better way...
Code:
nawk '$0~s{for(c=NR-b;c<=NR+a;c++)r[c]=1}{q[NR]=$0}END{for(c=1;c<=NR;c++)if(r[c])print q[c]}' b=2 a=4 s="string" file1

...where "b" and "a" are the number of lines to print before and after string "s".

Last edited by Ygor; 05-31-2012 at 08:51 AM.. Reason: Had to update this post because my buggy code is propagating all over the internet.
These 6 Users Gave Thanks to Ygor For This Post:
 
Test Your Knowledge in Computers #525
Difficulty: Medium
In ASCII, to convert between uppercase and lowercase versions, you only need to invert the second bit (0 for uppercase, 1 for lowercase).
True or False?

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GREP(1) 						      General Commands Manual							   GREP(1)

NAME
grep - search a file for a pattern SYNOPSIS
grep [ option ... ] pattern [ file ... ] DESCRIPTION
Grep searches the input files (standard input default) for lines (with newlines excluded) that match the pattern, a regular expression as defined in regexp(6). Normally, each line matching the pattern is `selected', and each selected line is copied to the standard output. The options are -c Print only a count of matching lines. -h Do not print file name tags (headers) with output lines. -i Ignore alphabetic case distinctions. The implementation folds into lower case all letters in the pattern and input before interpre- tation. Matched lines are printed in their original form. -l (ell) Print the names of files with selected lines; don't print the lines. -L Print the names of files with no selected lines; the converse of -l. -n Mark each printed line with its line number counted in its file. -s Produce no output, but return status. -v Reverse: print lines that do not match the pattern. Output lines are tagged by file name when there is more than one input file. (To force this tagging, include /dev/null as a file name argument.) Care should be taken when using the shell metacharacters $*[^|()= and newline in pattern; it is safest to enclose the entire expression in single quotes '...'. SOURCE
/sys/src/cmd/grep.c SEE ALSO
ed(1), awk(1), sed(1), sam(1), regexp(6) DIAGNOSTICS
Exit status is null if any lines are selected, or non-null when no lines are selected or an error occurs. GREP(1)

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