Need to convert a pipe delimited text file to tab delimited


 
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# 1  
Need to convert a pipe delimited text file to tab delimited

Hi, I have a rquirement in unix as below .

I have a text file with me seperated by | symbol and i need to generate a excel file through unix commands/script so that each value will go to each column.

ex:
Input Text file:
Code:
1|A|apple
2|B|bottle

excel file to be generated as output as below
Code:
1 A apple 
2 B bottle


Last edited by Don Cragun; 04-05-2015 at 02:26 AM.. Reason: Add CODE tags and change font and size tags to CODE tags.
# 2  
Is there some reason why you can't just use excel to load this file as it is now using excel's import command to load a CSV file with delimiter |?
# 3  
Longhand using builtins only to show that it can be done, (there are much better methods), using OSX 10.7.5, default bash terminal:-
Code:
#!/bin/bash
# tab.sh
> /tmp/txt
> /tmp/text
echo "1|A|apple|A|apple
2|B|bottle|A|apple
2|B|bottle
1|A|apple
2|B|bottle
" > /tmp/txt
text=$(cat /tmp/txt)
echo "$text"
# Working part start.
count=0
while [ $count -lt ${#text} ]
do
	if [ "${text:$count:1}" = "|" ]
	then
		printf "	" >> /tmp/text
	else
		printf "${text:$count:1}" >> /tmp/text
	fi
	count=$((count+1))
done
# Replace the final newline.
echo "" >> /tmp/text
# Working part end.
cat /tmp/text
hexdump -C /tmp/text
exit 0

Results:-
Code:
Last login: Sun Apr  5 16:00:45 on ttys000
AMIGA:barrywalker~> cd Desktop/Code/Shell
AMIGA:barrywalker~/Desktop/Code/Shell> chmod 755 tab.sh
AMIGA:barrywalker~/Desktop/Code/Shell> ./tab.sh
1|A|apple|A|apple
2|B|bottle|A|apple
2|B|bottle
1|A|apple
2|B|bottle
1	A	apple	A	apple
2	B	bottle	A	apple
2	B	bottle
1	A	apple
2	B	bottle
00000000  31 09 41 09 61 70 70 6c  65 09 41 09 61 70 70 6c  |1.A.apple.A.appl|
00000010  65 0a 32 09 42 09 62 6f  74 74 6c 65 09 41 09 61  |e.2.B.bottle.A.a|
00000020  70 70 6c 65 0a 32 09 42  09 62 6f 74 74 6c 65 0a  |pple.2.B.bottle.|
00000030  31 09 41 09 61 70 70 6c  65 0a 32 09 42 09 62 6f  |1.A.apple.2.B.bo|
00000040  74 74 6c 65 0a                                    |ttle.|
00000045
AMIGA:barrywalker~/Desktop/Code/Shell> _

IMPORTANT NOTE: You have asked for TAB delimiters but have shown SPACE delimiters so be aware that this is TAB not SPACE! Hence the hexdump.
Also trailing newlines can be a problem but not in this particular case...

EDIT:
What have you attempted so far?
Also there are only nelines are carriage returns needed with the newlines too?

Last edited by wisecracker; 04-05-2015 at 01:38 PM.. Reason: See above...
# 4  
Hi wisecracker.

You lost me. There is nothing in post #1 in this thread that talks about converting | characters to tabs. That is much more easily done by the simple command:
Code:
tr '|' '\t'

What was requested was a way to convert a text file into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet (presumably .xls, .xlsx, .xlsm, .xlsb, or .xlx) format (all of which are proprietary Microsoft binary formats). I know that some versions of perl are able to do with when certain plugins are available, but converting a pipe symbol separated values file into a tab separated values file does not seem to make any progress towards the request stated in post #1 in this thread. Am I missing something?
# 5  
hi As per my requirement i can change the input delimeter to comma "," instead of pipe symbol "|" in the input. I am using the below command to convert the unix file to a excel file but what happening is entire row 1 data is moving to single column in excel sheet . but i want in seperate columns based on the delimiter

cp /tmp/test.txt /tmp/output.xls
# 6  
Copying a text file that is not in the proprietary Microsoft binary format expected by excel when it reads a file with the .xls extension obviously does not work (as you have already found).

Did you try what I suggested in post #2 in this thread?
# 7  
We dont want to do any manual intervention by importing to excel and reformatting it. This was a requirement as part of automation where we are trying below:
1. run a sql query it will be done through unix and out put can be created in txt or xls format.
2. get that data formatted on an excel with seperate columns and mail to user

Can you help me out on this
 

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