passwd -S on linux- what are the fields?


 
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# 1  
passwd -S on linux- what are the fields?

I'm looking for some documentation on what the different fields mean in the output of passwd -S username:

passwd -S foo
foo PS 2012-03-20 0 70 3 -1 (Password set, MD5 crypt.)

I think the date given is the date of the last password change, the 0 after that is the minimum password age, and the 49 after that is the maximum password age. But I can't find any documentation to confirm this. I'd also like to know what the stuff that appears in the other fields means.

The man page says "This will output a short information about the status of the password for a given account. Available to root user only.", which is, shall we say, less than helpful.
# 2  
See
Code:
man passwd

I suppose it may depends from the distrib but it should be more or less something like (Ubuntu here)


f1 : name of the account
f2 : account is locked (L)
account has a usable passwd (P)
account has no password (NP)
f3 : date of last passwd modification
f4: minimum duration before modification
f5: maximum duration of validity
f6: duration of warning
f7: autorized duration of inactivity (-1 = endless)
(all duration are in days)
# 3  
From my own manual page:

Code:
       -S, --status
           Display account status information. The status information consists
           of 7 fields. The first field is the user's login name. The second
           field indicates if the user account has a locked password (L), has
           no password (NP), or has a usable password (P). The third field
           gives the date of the last password change. The next four fields
           are the minimum age, maximum age, warning period, and inactivity
           period for the password. These ages are expressed in days.

so:

Code:
# Login name
foo
# usasble password
PS
# Date of last password change
2012-03-20
# Minimum age
0
# Maximum age
70
# Warning period
3
# Inactivity period
-1
# ???
(Password set, MD5 crypt.)

 

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