Adding "Private" to path name

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# 1  
Adding "Private" to path name

Just "getting my feet wet" so to to speak in the Unix world. I have a couple of basic questions:

1). I am logged in as "root" and have verified that I am at the top of the directory "/". I do a cd to the "etc" sub-directory and verify that I am there only to discover that "private" is appended to the front of the path (private/etc). What does the "private" mean?

2) I can get a list of the sub-directories and files from my current directory by using the command "ls -R". Can I get a list of only the sub-directories, excluding the files?

The Mac OSX Server software uses BSD Unix with the C-Shell.

Thanks in advance for any assistance.
# 2  
OK, I answered one of my questions after reading "Unix Power Tools" (O'Reilly). Using "ls -d */." will list all directories from the current directory down without the associated files........
# 3  
ls -lR | grep ^[.]

will give u recursively all subdirectores with relative path.
# 4  
bhargav, many thanks, this is what I was looking for........ Ray
# 5  

if you use ls -LR | grep ^[.] it will not list hidden directories if you want to see hidden directories use.
du -h | awk '{print $2}'
# 6  
arunkumar, thank you very much, I did not realize that hidden files were not displayed. Your suggestion is much appreciated....... Ray

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