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How do I redirect output from "find", either to a file or another command?

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# 1  
Old 02-09-2020
How do I redirect output from "find", either to a file or another command?

I'm trying to find out what happened to the rogue game that apt-get told me it installed, so I thought I would find the file. I went to the root and entered:
find -name "rog*.*"

I get a large number of lines saying my access is denied in various directories. I figure I'll practice my Unix commands by using grep to filter out these lines, so I enter:
find -name "rog*.*" | grep -v denied

Attempting to filter out all the lines in the 'find' output that have 'denied' in them. This doesn't work. I try
find -name 'rog*.*' > ~/output.txt

on the theory that, after the output gets into the file, I can filter it from there. But it still puts the output on the screen, and creates and empty file.

I'll go try to find my rogue installation another way, but would like to know how to use "find" this way as it's fairly commonly used. What am I doing wrong with it.

I searched for examples, but all the ones I found use "exec", and I didn't want to start down a rabbit warren of other ways to do things. If I find out this is just impossible, that find doesn't work the way other unix commands used to work, then I guess I'll have to.

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This User Gave Thanks to arghvark For This Post:
# 2  
Old 02-09-2020
The error msgs usually get redirected to steer. By mapping stderr (2) to stdout (1), you get to do whatever you want...
find -name "rog*.*" 2>&1 | grep -v denied

# 3  
Old 02-09-2020
This looks more or less like what I need, but I need some help parsing it. When I try to execute the command in the root directory, it says I don't have access, which is fair.

I think of the ">" symbol as "redirect output to a file, I'll tell you what the filename is". I think of "|" as "take this output and feed it into another program", which doesn't require a filename. I can tell that "2" and "1" represent stdout and stderr; is there a way to direct them both to the pipe, instead of the file? AFAIK, I/we don't have to first direct output to a file and then to grep, and in fact I don't know that it will work that way.
# 4  
Old 02-09-2020
2>&1 is an operator which duplicates file descriptors, in this case stderr (2) is duplicated onto stdout (1) (See the Duplicating File Descriptors in the bash manual)

 command1 2>&1 | command2

the combined stderr and stdout from command1 will be piped as stdin to command2
# 5  
Old 02-09-2020
Hmmm. When I enter
find -name "rog*.*" 2&>1 | grep -v denied

from the root directory, it responds with
bash: 1: Permission denied

. Is there some reason I would need write permissions on root to execute this?
This User Gave Thanks to arghvark For This Post:
# 6  
Old 02-09-2020
Originally Posted by arghvark
Hmmm. When I enter
find -name "rog*.*" 2&>1 | grep -v denied

from the root directory, it responds with
bash: 1: Permission denied

. Is there some reason I would need write permissions on root to execute this?

Certainly not. More context please, like the full script and a listing of the directory where this happens.

So you duplicate stderr from stdout to just suppress the error messages, then? Why not redirect stderr to /dev/null in the first place?
# 7  
Old 02-09-2020
There is no script. I am entering this command on the command line.

I'm not just "suppressing the error messages"; I am glad to be reminded about /dev/null, but what I'm trying to do here is understand how to use find in this way -- if it outputs things that I can filter with grep, then how do I pipe the output to the grep command?

I don't know what the contents of the root folder have to do with anything; it hasn't changed since I installed the Raspberry Debian yesterday. In case you can make some use of it, here it is:
total 72
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root  4096 Feb  5 10:52 bin
drwxr-xr-x   3 root root  3584 Dec 31  1969 boot
drwxr-xr-x  16 root root  3780 Feb  9 11:33 dev
drwxr-xr-x 118 root root  4096 Feb  9 11:19 etc
drwxr-xr-x   3 root root  4096 Feb  5 10:47 home
drwxr-xr-x  17 root root  4096 Feb  5 11:00 lib
drwx------   2 root root 16384 Feb  5 11:22 lost+found
drwxr-xr-x   3 root root  4096 Feb  8 21:46 media
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root  4096 Feb  5 10:42 mnt
drwxr-xr-x   6 root root  4096 Feb  5 10:58 opt
dr-xr-xr-x 152 root root     0 Dec 31  1969 proc
drwx------   4 root root  4096 Feb  5 11:24 root
drwxr-xr-x  25 root root   760 Feb  8 23:28 run
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root  4096 Feb  8 19:16 sbin
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root  4096 Feb  5 10:42 srv
dr-xr-xr-x  12 root root     0 Feb  9 12:09 sys
drwxrwxrwt  13 root root  4096 Feb  9 16:17 tmp
drwxr-xr-x  11 root root  4096 Feb  5 10:53 usr
drwxr-xr-x  12 root root  4096 Feb  9 11:17 var

I know my process does not have write privilege on the folder, I didn't think I would need it, and evidently you don't either.

So my question is -- if this is the correct command, then why am I being told "Permission denied" when I run it?

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