Awk/sed to replace variable in file


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# 1  
Awk/sed to replace variable in file

Hi All

I have one file with multiple lines in it, each line has static text and some variable enclosed in <<filename>> as well. e.g. as below
Code:
123, <<file1.txt>> this is my name, I stay at <<city.txt>> Thanks for visiting
348384y,  this is my name <<fileabc.txt>>, I stay at near the mall of <<cityxyz.txt>> welcome

each variable is a file which has content as below
Code:
cat file1.txt
scott
thomas

Code:
cat city.txt
CHICAGO 
LA
TAT

I am looking for a code which can print the file line with variable value from each file as Cartesian Product as below
Code:
123, scott this is my name, I stay at CHICAGO Thanks for visiting
123, scott this is my name, I stay at LA Thanks for visiting
123, scott this is my name, I stay at TAT Thanks for visiting
123, thomas this is my name, I stay at CHICAGO Thanks for visiting
123, thomas this is my name, I stay at LA Thanks for visiting
123, thomas this is my name, I stay at TAT Thanks for visiting
similar way second line with value from their file name per variable

Is there any quicker/simpler way to do in awk/sed/perl or shell scripting?

Thanks
rel

Last edited by RavinderSingh13; 3 Weeks Ago at 12:55 AM..
# 2  
Any attempts / ideas / thoughts from your side?
# 3  
Hi Rudi

I have idea to do via shell scripting, read this file line by line, find the 1st variable in line and get the relevant fileName which has the value/records and print it as value replacement for full line in a new temp file. Then again read this temp file in loop, replace the second variable for each line and create final output file. though it is possible but it would be little lengthy and difficult if there are more than 2 such variables. thats why i am looking for any straight and simple way if possible
# 4  
Hello reldb,

Could you please try following.

Code:
awk '
FILENAME=="file1.txt"{
  name[FNR]=$0
  next
}
FILENAME=="city.txt"{
  city[++count]=$0
  next
}
{
  val=$0
  for(i=1;i<=count;i++){
     sub(/<<file1.txt>>/,name[FNR])
     sub(/<<city.txt>>/,city[i])
     print
     $0=val
  }
}' file1.txt   city.txt   Input_file

Output will be as follows.

Code:
123, scott this is my name, I stay at CHICAGO  Thanks for visiting
123, scott this is my name, I stay at LA Thanks for visiting
123, scott this is my name, I stay at TAT Thanks for visiting
348384y,  this is my name thomas, I stay at near the mall of CHICAGO  welcome
348384y,  this is my name thomas, I stay at near the mall of LA welcome
348384y,  this is my name thomas, I stay at near the mall of TAT welcome

Thanks,
R. Singh
# 5  
Try also
Code:
awk '
BEGIN   {PAT = "<<[^>]*>>"
        }

        {match ($0, PAT)
         NXT = RSTART + RLENGTH
         while (0 < getline T1[++CNT1] < (substr ($0, RSTART+2, RLENGTH-4)) );
         match (substr ($0, NXT), PAT)
         while (0 < getline T2[++CNT2] < (substr ($0, NXT+RSTART+1, RLENGTH-4)) ) ;
         for (i=1; i<CNT1; i++)
          for (j=1; j<CNT2; j++)        {TMP = $0
                                         sub (PAT, T1[i], TMP)
                                         sub (PAT, T2[j], TMP)
                                         print TMP
                                        }
         CNT1 = CNT2 = 0
        }
' file
123, scott this is my name, I stay at CHICAGO  Thanks for visiting
123, scott this is my name, I stay at LA Thanks for visiting
123, scott this is my name, I stay at TAT Thanks for visiting
123, thomas this is my name, I stay at CHICAGO  Thanks for visiting
123, thomas this is my name, I stay at LA Thanks for visiting
123, thomas this is my name, I stay at TAT Thanks for visiting
348384y,  this is my name scott, I stay at near the mall of CHICAGO  welcome
348384y,  this is my name scott, I stay at near the mall of LA welcome
348384y,  this is my name scott, I stay at near the mall of TAT welcome
348384y,  this is my name thomas, I stay at near the mall of CHICAGO  welcome
348384y,  this is my name thomas, I stay at near the mall of LA welcome
348384y,  this is my name thomas, I stay at near the mall of TAT welcome

Be aware that there's no error handling yet, e.g. if one of the filenames in a line is not found, or the are no two patterns in a line.
# 6  
Code:
awk -F'<<|>>' '{while((getline d<$2) > 0){while((getline b<$4) > 0) print $1 d $3 b $4; close($4)}}'


Last edited by nezabudka; 3 Weeks Ago at 01:25 PM..
These 2 Users Gave Thanks to nezabudka For This Post:
# 7  
Hi Rudi
Thanks for sharing the detail
I tried your solution, and it worked for lines where variable exists exactly 2 times in that particular line.
There are lines in main file where no variable exits or only one variable exits instead of 2 times in the line, then it is giving error.
any suggestion to handle that

Thanks a lot
Rel
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