Big difference between UNIX systems? Which one as OSX replacement for a developer?

differences, which linux distribution

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# 1  
Old 12-30-2017
Big difference between UNIX systems? Which one as OSX replacement for a developer?

Hello Everyone

I am a software developer and private OS X user. I was enthusiastic with what I learned about Linux (on my OS X) during the operating system module at school and I am using some of it.
But I may not want to go the Apple way till the end. And OS X is a little too big to run on a NAS, memory stick or as a virtual machine on my workplace to make some well known CL tools available at work.

I am looking for a Linux or any other Unix (like) system like FreeBSD, Solaris, FreeDarvin, ...
I tried to find it myself, but was overwhelmed with the amount of information.

I don't know how much these systems really differ from a bash terminal point of view.I mean between the different Linux distributions and different Unix versions are there big differences in
names of the commands (ls, find, pwd, pipes, in-output redirection, ...)?
names of the most command line tools (iptables, grip,...)?
directory structure?
placement and form of configuration files?
e.g is iptables and cronjob real differences between these systems? would I need a completely different bash script to achieve the same on e.g. Debian and FreeBSD?

Requirement for Unix system as a secondary system:
nice, comfortable bash terminal which supports split screen, copy & past
portable, running on most hardware, stable and fast on some
version for bootable USB-Stick available
many precompiled packages available per package manager
simple installation
available and support long term

Requirements for Unix System as a primary system at home:
nice and minimalistic GUI
support of multiple displays
support somehow Microsoft onenote
shall support iTunes
nice backup functionality (close to time machine on mac)
development with Java (intellij idea, Tomcat,...)
development of web apps (Apache, NodeJs, Browser Support)
icloud, Dropbox, google drive,... local

What are your suggestions? Shall I better stay with OSX or are there some other options?
Are there really big differences between Unix Systems?

Best Regards
This User Gave Thanks to JacobPhelps For This Post:
Neo (01-04-2018)
# 2  
Old 12-30-2017
You dont say much about your true needs... and software developper is quite vague: what kind? using what language(s) ?
Most commands ( user or man (1)) are the same on all, but syntax can vary...
None have a true backup facility except AIX and HP-UX but I may be wrong there as long time since last time I looked out...
cron implementation can change in linux world...
all share the same directory structure ( / being the root...) but again can vary if you are Unix V... compliant meaning you use /opt and pending /var/opt etc...
The default FS can vary too and you have quite some choice...

What fo you intend to use as a platform?

mx 2 cents.
# 3  
Old 12-31-2017
go FreeBSD, because large parts of macos are FreeBSD.
# 4  
Old 01-04-2018
DragonFly BSD and Solaris have incremental backup functionality included.

development is not a topic anymore because it seems that there are problems getting all popular web browsers running on linux/bsd.

I will stay with OSX as private system.
But I would like to do something like Linux/ From Scratch or Arc BSD to have a Unix-y system which I know and control up to 100%.

What can you recommend for this?
# 5  
Old 01-04-2018
So for that I would go with Debian...
# 6  
Old 01-04-2018
I use OSX computers for my two desktop machines and four Ubuntu Linux servers for my servers, one virtual and three dedicated all in remote datacenters.

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