Visit Our UNIX and Linux User Community


Awk: different between NR and FNR


 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Top Forums Shell Programming and Scripting Awk: different between NR and FNR
# 1  
Old 12-19-2007
Awk: different between NR and FNR

As I know:

FNR: The ordinal number of the current record in the current file.

NR: The ordinal number of the current record from the start of input.

I don't understand really differency between NR and FNR. Who can explain it for me? And give me an example.

Thanks
# 2  
Old 12-19-2007
f1:
Code:
a
b
c
d

f2:
Code:
e
f
g

Code:
awk '{printf("file->[%s] NR->[%d] FNR->[%d] str->[%s]\n", FILENAME, NR, FNR, $0)}' f1 f2

output:
Code:
file->[f1] NR->[1] FNR->[1] str->[a]
file->[f1] NR->[2] FNR->[2] str->[b]
file->[f1] NR->[3] FNR->[3] str->[c]
file->[f1] NR->[4] FNR->[4] str->[d]
file->[f2] NR->[5] FNR->[1] str->[e]
file->[f2] NR->[6] FNR->[2] str->[f]
file->[f2] NR->[7] FNR->[3] str->[g]

These 5 Users Gave Thanks to vgersh99 For This Post:

Previous Thread | Next Thread
Test Your Knowledge in Computers #628
Difficulty: Easy
In PHP, True !== 1;
True or False?

10 More Discussions You Might Find Interesting

1. Shell Programming and Scripting

Awk: Assigning a variable to be the value of FNR at a certain line

Sorry for the probably strangely worded title but I don't really know how else to put it. Background context: Post processing LAMMPS simulation data. tl;dr: I'm making two spheres collide, every defined timestep the simulation outputs a bunch of data including total energy of the particles,... (10 Replies)
Discussion started by: ThomasP
10 Replies

2. Shell Programming and Scripting

Explanation of FNR in this awk script

To merge mutiple *.tab files as: file1.tab rs1 A A rs2 A A rs3 C C rs4 C Cfile2.ind rs1 T T rs2 T T rs3 G G rs4 G Gand file3.tab rs1 B B rs2 B B rs3 L L rs4 L LOutput: file1.tab file2.tab file3.tab AA TT BB AA TT BB CC GG LL CC GG ... (4 Replies)
Discussion started by: yifangt
4 Replies

3. Shell Programming and Scripting

awk --> selective printout with FNR

Hi everybody! need some awk-support. i want a line-selective printout of a file. wat i normally will do with ... awk ' FNR==8' sample.txt But now i need the data from line 8, 10 and the following data from line13 to 250 wich is not end of the file. I tried allready to combine it but without... (2 Replies)
Discussion started by: IMPe
2 Replies

4. Shell Programming and Scripting

Tip: alternative for NR==FNR in awk

Example: $ cat file1 2 3$ cat file2 1 2 3 4 5 6The following awk script works like a charm, NR==FNR is true for file1, the remainder runs for file2: awk ' NR==FNR {A; next} ($1 in A) ' file1 file2 2 3Now have an empty file1: >file1and run the awk script again. The result is empty... (8 Replies)
Discussion started by: MadeInGermany
8 Replies

5. Shell Programming and Scripting

How to use NA and FNR?

Hi i have file1: conn=232257 client=16218.19488.218.86:51237 protocol=LDAP file2: conn=232257 dn="uid=apple,ou=xxxx,ou=usfgfhfers,dc=example,dc=com" conn=232370 dn="uid=ball,ou=yyyyyy,ou=usfhfhfhers,dc=example,dc=com" In the output file it should match first column from above both files... (2 Replies)
Discussion started by: buzzme
2 Replies

6. Shell Programming and Scripting

Awk FNR==NR question

awk -F'' 'FNR==NR {a=$2; next} {$1=a} 1' $useralias ${entries} >> ${entries}_2 Hi, Is there anyway to alter this command so that if it does not find a match it will just leave the line alone instead of replacing what it doesn't find with a blank space? (4 Replies)
Discussion started by: Jazmania
4 Replies

7. UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers

awk NR==FNR output control

Hi Guys, I have two files: f1: A B C D E F G H f2: A X Y Z f1 has 48000 lines, and f2 has 68. I have been matching f1 $3 to f2 $1, and getting f3: A A B C D E F G I would like f3 too look like this: A X Y Z A B C D E F G (2 Replies)
Discussion started by: heecha
2 Replies

8. UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers

Multiple Column print after lookup using NR==FNR (awk)

foo.txt FAMID IID AFF SEX Group AgeCat Dis1 Dis2 Dis3 Dis4 Dis5 Dis6 Dis6 AMD0001 Mayo_49542 1 2 AMD 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 AMD0002 Mayo_49606 1 1 AMD 3 1 1 1 1 ... (7 Replies)
Discussion started by: genehunter
7 Replies

9. Shell Programming and Scripting

error "awk: (FILENAME=- FNR=23) fatal: division by zero attempted"

Hi , I have file : after i run this command : there are error can we print blank line if output error ?? thanks.. ^^ (4 Replies)
Discussion started by: justbow
4 Replies

10. Shell Programming and Scripting

awk NR==FNR compare 2 files produce a 3rd

hi, i have two files, both with 3 columns, the 3rd column has common values between the two files and i want to produce a 3rd file with 4 columns. file 1 a, ,b c file 2 a, b ,d I want to compare the 3rd value and if a match print to file 3 with the 3 columns from the first file... (11 Replies)
Discussion started by: borderblaster
11 Replies

Featured Tech Videos