Need help with a script to rearrange columns

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# 1  
Old 12-07-2007
Need help with a script to rearrange columns

I have a file that is semi-colon delimited and the column headers are always the same but the column number is totally random each time this file is generated. I don't have the skills to make a script for this so maybe someone can help.

I would like to be able to take this file which has over 80 columns and grab about 5-10 columns and rearrange them and put that into another file so I can run my script to get the information I need.

Just for a test here are some columns I would like out of this test file below:

Current Order:

Would like to rearrange to this order:


0;21-Nov-07;23:59:00;;control; ;;daemon;inbound;VPN-1 & FireWall-1;Log file has been switched to: 2007-11-21_235900.log;
1;22-Nov-07;0:53:28;;log;drop;;Lan1;inbound;VPN-1 & FireWall-1;;16
2;22-Nov-07;0:53:29;;log;accept;;Lan1;inbound;VPN-1 & FireWall-1;;3
3;22-Nov-07;0:53:29;;log;accept;;Lan1;inbound;VPN-1 & FireWall-1;;3
4;22-Nov-07;0:53:30;;log;accept;;Lan1;inbound;VPN-1 & FireWall-1;;15
5;22-Nov-07;0:53:30;;log;drop;;Lan1;inbound;VPN-1 & FireWall-1;;16
6;21-Nov-07;23:20:39;;log;accept;;eth3c0;inbound;VPN-1 & FireWall-1;;8
7;21-Nov-07;23:20:40;;log;accept;;eth3c0;inbound;VPN-1 & FireWall-1;;8
8;21-Nov-07;23:20:41;;log;accept;;eth3c0;inbound;VPN-1 & FireWall-1;;8

# 2  
Old 12-07-2007



nawk 'BEGIN{
}' filename

# 3  
Old 12-07-2007
Sherry thanks for that!! But that is print columns based on their position in the file correct? The problem I have is that the column header stays the same but the number of the column in the file changes for example:

date may be column $2 today and $5 tomorrow and $7 the day after. It is totally random. So how could I print data by specifying which header name I want to print?
# 4  
Old 12-07-2007
# this will produce the 'default' columns: "rule product orig time date num"
nawk -f n3.awk myInputFile

# this will produce the 'custom' columns: "num orig time"
nawk -v cols='num orig time' -f n3.awk myInputFile

  DEFcols="rule product orig time date num"

  if (cols == "")

  colsN=split(cols, colsA, " ")

FNR==1 {
  for(i=1; i<=NF; i++)
     headA[$i] = i
  for(i=1; i<=colsN; i++)
    printf("%s%s", $headA[colsA[i]], (i==colsN) ? ORS : OFS)

# 5  
Old 12-08-2007
Thanks for all the help but I have a gentoo system that does not have nawk on it. Is there a way to install that on gentoo, I have not been able to find it yet. Or is there a way to run this script with awk or some other utility like perl that may be on my system?
# 6  
Old 12-08-2007
sorry for that post above I got this working with awk which is sym linked to gawk.

Thanks for this script its awesome!! Is there a way for it to print the header at the top also?
# 7  
Old 12-08-2007
I don't think this is working the way I need it, maybe the example I gave was not enough, I thought I could have figured out the script with some help from this forum but here goes some more:

My header can be from 70-100 columns(separated by semi-colons):

num;date;time;orig;type;action;alert;i/f_name;i/f_dir;product;log_sys_message;rule;rule_uid;rule_name;SmartDefense profile;service_id;ICMP;src;dst;proto;ICMP Type;ICMP Code;service;s_port;xlatesrc;xlatedst;NAT_rulenum;NAT_addtnl_rulenum;xlatedport;xlatesport;message_info;scheme:;methods:;peer gateway;encryption failure:;partner;community;fw_subproduct;vpn_feature_name;msg;scan direction;attack;Attack Info;TCP packet out of state;tcp_flags;srckeyid;dstkeyid;IKE:;CookieI;CookieR;msgid;IKE notification:;Certificate DN:;IKE IDs:;user;reason:;reject_category;Session:;L2TP:;PPP:;MAC:;OM:;om_method:;assigned_IP:;machine:;VPN internal source IP;start_time;vpn_user;message;old IP;old port;new IP;new port;spi;encryption fail reason:;rpc_prog;sys_message:;elapsed;reject_reason;System Alert message;Object;Event;Parameter;Condition;Current value;H.323 message;src phone number;dst phone number;H.323 Illegal redirection;dst scheme:;dst methods:;dst peer gateway;route status:;dst partner;dst community;Internal_CA:;serial_num:;dn:;message:

Out of all of these the ones I am looking for are (notice that one name has spaces in it):

date;time;origin;src;user;VPN internal source IP

The column names always stay the same but their order changes. I can't seem to get the code above to work with this many columns. Would be nice to print the header in the outpout file also
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