running cd from a script


 
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# 1  
Old 03-07-2007
running cd from a script

is there anyway to change directories in a script and have it actually work?

when u put something like cd /var/tmp in a script named runner.

when u run that runner script, the current directory is still what it is. it doesn't change to /var/tmp.

what can be done about this?
# 2  
Old 03-07-2007
depends on HOW you execute your 'runner' script.

try prefixing 'runner' with '. ' (dot space):
Code:
. runner

# 3  
Old 03-07-2007
you can use cd command itself to change the directory before running the script something like this:

Code:
cd /folder/sub folder
. ./script

# 4  
Old 03-08-2007
what is the mean by placing a dot before the script name, when I am learning the shell, I found only if you put dot before the script name, or those command such as ' export variable ' in the shell file would not take effect?
Thanks
# 5  
Old 03-08-2007
. is used run the script in the same process. export works when you use the . before the script. here is an example:

Code:
$$ cat try
. ./test
echo $TEST
$$ cat test
export TEST=1
$$ ./try
1

# 6  
Old 03-09-2007
Quote:
Originally Posted by SkySmart
is there anyway to change directories in a script and have it actually work?

when u put something like cd /var/tmp in a script named runner.

when u run that runner script, the current directory is still what it is. it doesn't change to /var/tmp.

what can be done about this?
When you execute a script, it is run in a child process, and a child process cannot affect the environment of its parent.

To change directories, you need to execute cd in the current shell; cd is a shell builtin command, and thus runs in the current shell environment.

To get a script to run in the current shell, you can source it, using the dot command:

Code:
. name-of-script

In bash, you can also use the word, source:

Code:
source name-of-script

You can also put it into a function.
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