Creating symbolic link

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# 1  
Old 09-27-2006
Creating symbolic link

Any idea how to create a symbolic link...for example i want to create a symbolink link for a specific user in his profile to use the df command...?

Thanks in advance
# 2  
Old 09-27-2006
A few more details, please. After reading your posting, I am left with the impression that you're more interested in aliases (defining pseudonyms for commands) and not in creating alternate paths for files.
# 3  
Old 09-27-2006
What i want to do is to create a directory having the commands that a specific user can execute....the only way i know is to create a directory have symbolic link of the commands that i want that user to access......
# 4  
Old 09-27-2006
I see several possibilities here so let me take them one at a time.

1 ) Limit access to non-OS commands for a given user

You could create a directory anywhere on the system (perhaps in a "bin" subdirectory from the user's home) where commands -- compiled or script -- could be stored. Those commands could then be owned by that user and be executable only by that ID. Simply add the directory to the user's PATH environment variable.

2 ) Create a alias for a given command

This is useful when you have a particularly complicated command perhaps with many options. By using alias(1) in the user's profile, you can simplify any command. One that was standard twenty years ago when I first did this is college was:

alias la="/bin/ls -la"

3 ) I'm making this way too hard and you want the user to execute some admin commands such as df(1M)

Just add /usr/sbin to the user's PATH.
# 5  
Old 09-27-2006
how about if i want to add a new user and give him just the same privlege as the root?....i know i am asking too much but i want to get the principle behind all this....
# 6  
Old 09-27-2006
I'm trying to figure out the principle behind what you're asking. What problem are you trying to solve, exactly?
# 7  
Old 09-27-2006
I just responded to a similar question. The simple answer is giving an account a UID of 0 is the same as making another root (DON'T DO THIS UNLESS YOU HAVE REALLY GOOD REASON). For example, at my office, we have a "cert" account with full root access but the password is sealed in an envelope with our security department incase of multiple bus accidents for the admins.

There is sudo -- -- which can be used to configure root access on certain commands for a given list of users.

However, I suspect the answer is much simpler. Generally, UNIX commands are broken into two major categories:

1 ) user (stored in /bin or /usr/bin)
2 ) administrative (stored in /sbin or /usr/sbin), and

User commands are for the entire user population and include such basics as ls, mkdir, cp, and vi. Whereas administrative commands are meant to be used by the system administrator for such things as mounting file systems, configuring devices, adding users, and such.

There are really very few circumstances (I'm a bit of a purist) where any account other than that of an administrator requires root access to execute a command. One common example is running backups from, say, an operator's account.

This could be a very long thread if we got into a full-blown discussion. In short, to give a non-root user access to a given command:

1 ) Set the PATH environment variable as needed,
2 ) alias the command
3 ) Use sudo ONLY if root access is absolutely required.
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