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# 1  
Old 08-08-2006
newbie question

hey all, I have repeatedly seen scripts containing the following syntax,

grep "hello" $myfile >> $log 2>&1

can anyone explain exactly what "2>&1" mean? THANK YOU
# 2  
Old 08-08-2006
Care to read the man pages ? See the section REDIRECTION under man sh.
# 3  
Old 08-08-2006
while i am waiting other to help on my question, let me explain it to you !!

grep "hello" $myfile >> $log -----> all standard output will go into $log, except error which will output to your screen.

for this reason,we use 2>&1 ----> so that (2)=all error will go into (1)=standard output which you have already define as $log

so all output including error message wll all go into $log

Anyway man page will explain in more detail....
# 4  
Old 08-08-2006
If you find man page not very interesting.These two links will give you idea about file descriptors (2>...>&1)

link 1

link 2
# 5  
Old 08-08-2006
In unix 1 is defaut file descriptor for stdout and 2 is default file descriptor for stderr. So when you try redirecting on any of them you will redirect the stderr or stdout to a file or /dev/null.

regards
Apoorva Kumar

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