Unable to find files using wildcard on AIX.


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# 1  
Unable to find files using wildcard on AIX.

I wish to seach for files extensions .xml, .jsp followed by <whatever> charecters under directory custom while excluding folders "BACKUP" & "TMP"

Thus for a sample set like below:

Code:
/tmp/custom/moht.xml_tmp
/tmp/custom/raw/testxmlfile
/tmp/custom/raw/test.jsp
/tmp/custom/test.xml
/tmp/custom/BACKUP/test.xml.bkp
/tmp/custom/log/test.xml.bkp

Use the below command to create the sample test files on your server for testing purpose:

Code:
mkdir -p /tmp/custom/BACKUP; mkdir -p /tmp/custom/log; mkdir -p /tmp/custom/raw; touch /tmp/custom/moht.xml_tmp; touch /tmp/custom/raw/testxmlfile; touch /tmp/custom/test.xml; touch /tmp/custom/BACKUP/test.xml.bkp; touch /tmp/custom/log/test.xml.bkp; touch /tmp/custom/raw/test.jsp


My find should yeild only these two files as output:

Code:
/tmp/custom/moht.xml_tmp
/tmp/custom/log/test.xml.bkp


I tried the below command but it does not give me the desired output.

Code:
/opt/freeware/bin/find /tmp/custom -type f \( -name '*.xml*' -o -name '*.js*' -o -name '*.jsp*' \) | grep -v '/BACKUP/' | grep -v '/REJECTED/'

Current Output:
Code:
/tmp/custom/log/test.xml.bkp
/tmp/custom/moht.xml_tmp
/tmp/custom/test.xml

It yeilds files having extension exactly matching .xml .js and .jsp i.e /tmp/custom/test.xml which it should not.

I'm on AiX 6.1

Can you please suggest ?

Last edited by mohtashims; 02-17-2020 at 05:53 AM..
# 2  
Please post the output you are getting.

You post your sample input, your code, but you do not post your output (correct or not, error messages.... your output).

INPUT ---> YOUR CODE ---> OUTPUT

Please. It is not that hard to be complete when posting a question, this I promise you Smilie But it makes is easier for people in the community when you post this information.

Thanks.
# 3  
You should find files with at least one more char after the extension, then:


Code:
find /tmp/custom -type f \( -name '*.xml?*' -o -name '*.js?*' -o -name '*.jsp?*' \) | grep -v '/BACKUP/'
/tmp/custom/moht.xml_tmp
 /tmp/custom/log/test.xml.bkp

man bash:


Quote:
* Matches any string, including the null string. ...
? Matches any single character.

find uses shell metacharacters (`*', `?' or `[]' for example) (man find)

Last edited by Akshay Hegde; 02-17-2020 at 06:16 AM..
# 4  
Quote:
Originally Posted by Neo
Please post the output you are getting.

You post your sample input, your code, but you do not post your output (correct or not, error messages.... your output).

INPUT ---> YOUR CODE ---> OUTPUT

Please. It is not that hard to be complete when posting a question, this I promise you Smilie But it makes is easier for people in the community when you post this information.

Thanks.
@Neo Hi, Thank you for your inputs. I have updated the Original Post with the output.
# 5  
(@Neo, nothing was really missing. I was able to construct the output from the given input sample and the given code. And no error message.)

The * in shell glob and find glob means every - even zero - amount of characters, so have another ? that means one character.
Further, you can egrep -v '/BACKUP/|/REJECTED/' the unwanted files, but most efficient is to let find prune=skip these directories.
As a rule of thumb, have the pruned directories first and continue with -o=OR=OTHERWISE.
Code:
find /tmp/custom -type d \( -name "BACKUP" -o -name "REJECTED" \) -prune -o -type f \( -name '*.xml?*' -o -name "*.js?*" \) -print

You must explicitly print on the desired branch in order to not implicitly print on both branches.
Llast but not least, *.js?* covers *.jsp?* so the letter is not needed. (Perhaps you want -name "*.js?*" \! -name "*.jsp" or -name "*.js??*"?)

Last edited by MadeInGermany; 02-17-2020 at 05:52 AM.. Reason: The -prune was missing
# 6  
Quote:
Originally Posted by MadeInGermany
(@Neo, nothing was really missing. I was able to construct the output from the given input sample and the given code. And no error message.)
.
This is not an issue of "being able to construct the output" Anyone can construct the output with basic skills.

The point is that readers should not have to construct the output. OPs should post their output.

These are the rules.

Thanks.
# 7  
@MadeInGermany i tried the ?* but the problem is i get .jsp files in the output because of '*.js?*' when a .jsp should not be returned in the output when i have -o -name '*.js?*'

Code:
/opt/freeware/bin/find /tmp/custom -type f \( -name '*.xml?*' -o -name '*.js?*' -o -name '*.jsp?*' \) | grep -v '/BACKUP/' | grep -v '/REJECTED/'

Output:
Code:
/tmp/custom/raw/test.jsp
/tmp/custom/log/test.xml.bkp
/tmp/custom/moht.xml_tmp

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