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Hotfolder with inotify-tools, loop FOR not working


 
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# 1  
Hotfolder with inotify-tools, loop FOR not working

I can not understand why this little script with a loop processes only one file.

At boot in /etc/rc.local i wrote:

Code:
/usr/local/bin/./myscript &

This is myscript:

Code:
#!/bin/bash
    while inotifywait -e create /HOTFOLDER/ ; do

    for fullname in /HOTFOLDER/*.xlsx; do
 
    if ! [ -d "$fullname" ]; then
            send=/HOTFOLDER/$(date +'SEND-%F')
            sleep 10s
                    mkdir -p $send
                    mv -- "$fullname" $send
    fi

    done
    done


I have try also the option -m in inotifywait, but same problem:

Code:
 while inotifywait -m -e create /HOTFOLDER/ ; do

# 2  
I know nothing about inotifywait but it looks to me like you are using it wrong.
Try something like this:

Code:
inotifywait -m -e create /HOTFOLDER/ 2>/dev/null | while read folder event file
do
   if [[ "$event" =~ CREATE ]]
   then
      fullpath="$folder/$file"
     # process fullpath here
   fi
done

In bash everything inside that loop will be in a subshell and none of your variables will survive the loop.

Andrew

Edit: Just realised the redirect is not necessary:
Code:
inotifywait -m -q -e create /HOTFOLDER/ | while read folder event file
do
   if [[ "$event" =~ CREATE ]]
   then
      fullpath="$folder/$file"
     # process fullpath here
   fi
done


Last edited by apmcd47; 04-06-2018 at 05:38 AM.. Reason: Just realised the redirect is not necessary
# 3  
Quote:
Originally Posted by apmcd47
I know nothing about
[/CODE]In bash everything inside that loop will be in a subshell and none of your variables will survive the loop.

Andrew

Edit: Just realised the redirect is not necessary:
Code:
inotifywait -m -q -e create /HOTFOLDER/ | while read folder event file
do
   if [[ "$event" =~ CREATE ]]
   then
      fullpath="$folder/$file"
     # process fullpath here
   fi
done

Thnk you for your answer. after I will try your suggestion
the problem with myscript:
If in the HOTFOLDER there are 10 .xlsx files and then I copy a new one, the loop works all file to the end.
If there is no file inside the HOTFOLDER and then I copy 10.xlsx, the loop processes only one
# 4  
Not seeing any reason in the script for the behaviour you describe, I think we need more context info. Please post the output of the script run with the -x option set, and also a directory listing from within every loop.
# 5  
Quote:
Originally Posted by RudiC
Not seeing any reason in the script for the behaviour you describe, I think we need more context info. Please post the output of the script run with the -x option set, and also a directory listing from within every loop.
Thank you Rudic for the answer

I have copied in the HOTFOLDER 1.xlsx 2.xlsx 3.xlsx 4.xlsx
as you can see, only the 4.xlsx number was processed and the others remained in the HOTFOLDER

after that I copied the 4.xlsx number back into the HOTFOLDER and now it has processed all the xlsx files present.

I highlight you in bold inotifywait waiting to receive input

this is the output of $:bash -x myscript.sh

Code:
+ inotifywait  -e create /HOTFOLDER/
Setting up watches.
Watches established. (start of myscript)
+ for fullname in '/HOTFOLDER/*.xlsx'
+ '[' -d /HOTFOLDER/4.xlsx ']'
++ date +SEND-%F
+ send=/HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ sleep 10s
+ mkdir -p /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ mv -- /HOTFOLDER/4.xlsx /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ inotifywait  -e create /HOTFOLDER/
Setting up watches.
Watches established. (after copy 1-2-3-4.xlsx, as you can see it only processes number 4)
+ for fullname in '/HOTFOLDER/*.xlsx'
+ '[' -d /HOTFOLDER/1.xlsx ']'
++ date +SEND-%F
+ send=/HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ sleep 10s
+ mkdir -p /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ mv -- /HOTFOLDER/1.xlsx /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ for fullname in '/HOTFOLDER/*.xlsx'
+ '[' -d /HOTFOLDER/2.xlsx ']'
++ date +SEND-%F
+ send=/HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ sleep 10s
+ mkdir -p /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ mv -- /HOTFOLDER/2.xlsx /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ for fullname in '/HOTFOLDER/*.xlsx'
+ '[' -d /HOTFOLDER/3.xlsx ']'
++ date +SEND-%F
+ send=/HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ sleep 10s
+ mkdir -p /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ mv -- /HOTFOLDER/3.xlsx /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ for fullname in '/HOTFOLDER/*.xlsx'
+ '[' -d /HOTFOLDER/4.xlsx ']'
++ date +SEND-%F
+ send=/HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ sleep 10s
+ mkdir -p /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ mv -- /HOTFOLDER/4.xlsx /HOTFOLDER/SEND-2018-04-06
+ inotifywait  -e create /HOTFOLDER/
Setting up watches.
Watches established. (after copy 4.xlsx again, as you can see it  processes all xlsx present in HOTFOLDER)

# 6  
Where is the directory listing as requested? Did you copy all the files in one go, or one by one? By the way, why don't you mv all .xlsx files in one go?
# 7  
Quote:
Originally Posted by pasaico
Thnk you for your answer. after I will try your suggestion
the problem with myscript:
If in the HOTFOLDER there are 10 .xlsx files and then I copy a new one, the loop works all file to the end.
If there is no file inside the HOTFOLDER and then I copy 10.xlsx, the loop processes only one
It is because of the way you were using inotifywait.
Code:
inotifywait -e create /some/dir

will wait for the create event in /some/dir, report that event and exit.

You copy 10 files into that directory and only the first is processed because the script is finished (or at least the wildcard *.xlsx is expanded) before the second file is added.

Code:
inotifywait -m -e create /some/dir | while read dir event file

will run the loop for every file added to the directory /some/dir and will process the files one-at-a-time.

Andrew

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