Case statement in UNIX shell script

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# 1  
Case statement in UNIX shell script

have written the below code to check whether the string received from user is a file name or dir using case statement, but its going into default case*).

#Get a string from user and check whether its a existing filename or not
rm str2
rm str3
echo "enter a file \c"
read fil
#echo $fil
grep $fil fl >> str2 #fl has all filename stored in it using ls -l >> fl
cut -c 1-1 str2 >> str3
cat str2
cat str3 #it has the value '-'
case "$str3" in
-) echo "you have entered a filename" ;;
*) echo "not a filename"
exit ;;

can someone help me please..

Last edited by vbe; 02-23-2016 at 08:41 AM.. Reason: code tags please
# 2  
Why are you using files?

what if you have multiple files meeting your request?
(str2 would be a file of all files satisfying... and so str3 a file of 1char lines...)

How do you expect
case "$str3" in

to work
as you have never used any variables...
# 3  
if you put
str3=$(head -1 str3)

just before the case it might work...
# 4  
Could you write out the logical flow you are trying to achieve? It's all a bit confused and mixed up with which are variables and which are files. str3 is written to as a file and then you try to use it as a variable.

If you read in a variable fil and you are looking to test if it has a leading hyphen - then you can more simply do something like this:-

read "enter a file: "?fil
not_first="${fil#?}"              # Trim off first character from input
first="${fil%$notfirst}"          # Trim off all the other characters from input

case "$first" in.......

Does that help? If the statements don't make sense, then let me know and I will explain them.

# 5  
case statement in unix

Thanks robin, have modified the code and it works only if one file exists (it doesn't work in case redundant file name exists)

Have read the file testing today and written the below code based on my understanding. it works fine. but the problem var_1 and var_2 are not resetting (how do i initialize the values because it takes the already exists value)

Program Flow:
1) Get a word from user
2) check whether a file or directory exists in the given name
3) if not, display no dir or file was exists in the given name
# Get a word from user and check whether a filename or directory exists in the same name

echo "enter a name \c"
read name

# if its a file, var_1 will have 0
var_1=`[ -f $name ];echo $?`

# if its a directory, var_2 will have 1
var_2=`[ -d $name ];echo $?`

    if [ $var_1 -eq 0  -a $var_2 -eq 1 ]
         echo "Given name has both file and dir"

     elif [ $var_1 -eq 0 -a $var_2 -ne 1 ]
         echo "Given name is a file"
    elif [ $var_2 -eq 1 -a $var_1 -ne 0 ]
         echo "Given name is a directory"
         echo "neither a file nor a dir"

Can you please help me.

Last edited by vbe; 02-24-2016 at 10:53 AM.. Reason: code tags
# 6  
Please use the "code" tag for code as you have agreed by the forum rules.

Have a look at:
# My system has /bin/sh --> bin/bash, but should be posix compliant

printf "Enter a filename: "
read FN

# List items starting with entered FN, and expand it to a list
# If 'ls' fails, exit with message and error code
str=$(ls ${FN}* 2>/dev/null) || { echo "No entry $FN found!" ; exit 1 ; }

for F in $str
	if [ -L "$F" ]
	then	echo "$F is a link"
	elif [ -d "$F" ]
	then	echo "$F is a directory"
	elif [ -f "$F" ]
	then	echo "$F is a file"
	else	# This should never be printed, as its reading the existing content
		echo "No item $F found!"

Hope this helps
# 7  
Given FN* has multiple matches in that directory, shouldn't the for loop run over the contents of the str variable?
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