Verify the null filed of the text file

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# 1  
Old 03-24-2014
Verify the null filed of the text file

Here is my sample data

column 1|columne 2|columne 3|columne 4

In that example having NULL value of the row 2-column 3,row 3-column 4,row 4 - column 2,row 6- column 1
How i can validate without open the file data rows having NULL values as staed above and print the line number.
# 2  
Old 03-24-2014
sed -n '/^|\||$\|||/=' infile

# 3  
Old 03-24-2014

Please use the following for same.

awk -F"|" '{for(i=0;i<=NF;i++) {if($i == "") {print "field " i " have NULL Value"} {a++;} }}' file_name

Ouptut will be as follows.

field 3 have NULL Value
field 4 have NULL Value
field 2 have NULL Value
field 1 have NULL Value

R. Singh
# 4  
Old 03-24-2014
Hi All,
Thanks for your reply.
can you please help me to print particular column name as well.

can you please explain your code.

Last edited by krish2014; 03-24-2014 at 06:07 AM..
# 5  
Old 03-24-2014
For any column to be empty, there are 3 cases
1. | being the first character - indicating the first field is missing ^|
2. | being the last character - indicating the last field is missing |$
3. || 2 consecutive pipes indicating the some other field (apart from first and last) is missing ||

sed searches for these patterns
-n doesn't print anything unless specifically asked to
= prints the line number

# 6  
Old 03-24-2014
awk    'NR==1    {split ($0, HD)}
        {for (i=0; i<=NF; i++) {if($i=="") printf "row %2d, %s\n", NR, HD[i]}}
       ' FS="|" file
row  2, columne 3
row  3, columne 4
row  4, columne 2
row  6, column 1

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