Average word length

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# 1  
Old 12-27-2013
Average word length

If i use
wc -m filename 

it will generate the number of characters
wc -w filename

will generate number of words
if i used this info by dividing number of characters/number of words
it will give me misleading result as number of character will include spaces and punctuation as well as words count
any advice ?
# 2  
Old 12-27-2013
You could try something like this to count alphabetic/numerics only:-
tr -d " \"\\`!$%^&*()[]{}#~'@;:/?.>,<|" < filename | wc -c

Does that help?

# 3  
Old 12-27-2013
See whether this could help you.

$ cat test

$ od -c test
0000000      \t   ~   !   @   #   $   %   ^   &   *   (   )   _   +   {
0000020   }   [   ]   ;   :   '   \   /   .   ,   <   >   `   |   A   B
0000040   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R
0000060   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z  \n   a   b   c   d   e   f   g
0000100   h   i   j   k   l   m   n   o   p   q   r   s   t   u   v   w
0000120   x   y   z   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   0  \n

$ wc -c test
94 test

# Only alphanumeric
$ tr -cd '[:alnum:]' <test 

$ tr -cd '[:alnum:]' <test | wc -c

# Except alphanumeric
$ tr -d '[:alnum:]' <test 

$ tr -d '[:alnum:]' <test | wc -c

This User Gave Thanks to Akshay Hegde For This Post:
# 4  
Old 12-27-2013
Note that wc -c counts bytes. In the ASCII and EBCDIC codesets the number of bytes is equal to the number of characters; but in UTF-8 and several other codesets, there can be more than 1 byte per character and you need to use wc -m to count characters.

A codeset independent way to count only alphabetic and numeric characters in a file is:
tr -cd '[:alnum:]' < file | wc -m

as long as your LC_CTYPE locale setting indicates a locale based on the codeset used to encode characters in file.
This User Gave Thanks to Don Cragun For This Post:
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