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Shell Scripting Date manipulation


 
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Old 07-16-2013
Shell Scripting Date manipulation

Hi Experts,

i have date as inputdate=01/01/2013,how to get the previous date from this date and also first day's date of the month.

example:

inputdate=01/06/2013

previousdate=31/05/2013

firstdate=01/05/2013

how can i get solution to this. my unix is not supporting GNU Dates


regrads,

Last edited by Scott; 07-16-2013 at 08:40 AM.. Reason: Another continuation of a previous thread (bump) and no code tags. Closed.

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date(1) 						      General Commands Manual							   date(1)

Name
       date - print date and time

Syntax
       date [-c | -u] [ +format ] [[yy[mm[dd]]]hhmm[.ss][-[-]tttt][z]]

Description
       If no argument is given, or if the argument begins with +, the current date and time are printed.  Otherwise, the current date is set.  The
       first mm is the month number; dd is the day number in the month; hh is the hour number (24 hour clock); the second mm is the minute number;
       .ss  the second; -[-]tttt is the minutes west of Greenwich; a positive number means your time zone is west of Greenwich (for example, North
       and South America) and a negative number means it is east of Greenwich (for example Europe); z is a one letter code indicating the dst cor-
       rection mode (n=none, u=usa, a=australian, w=western europe, m=middle europe, e=eastern europe); yy is the last 2 digits of the year number
       and is optional.  The following example sets the date to Oct 8, 12:45 AM:
       date 10080045
       The current year is the default if no year is mentioned.  The system operates in GMT.  The takes care of the conversion to and  from  local
       standard and daylight time.

       If  the	argument begins with +, the output of is under the control of the user.  The format for the output is similar to that of the first
       argument to All output fields are of fixed size (zero padded if necessary).  Each field descriptor is preceded by % and is replaced in  the
       output by its corresponding value.  A single % is encoded by %%.  All other characters are copied to the output without change.	The string
       is always terminated with a new-line character.

Options
       -c     Perform operations using Coordinated Universal Time (UCT) instead of the default local time. The UCT does not use  leap  seconds	so
	      UCT is the same as GMT.

       -u     Perform operations using Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) instead of the default local time.

       + format
	      The following is a list of field Descriptors that can be used in the format (Note: date exits after processing format information) :

		 %a   Locale's abbreviated weekday name

		 %A   Locale's full weekday name

		 %b   Locale's abbreviated month name

		 %B   Locale's full month name

		 %c   Locale's date and time representation

		 %d   Day of month as a decimal number (01-31)

		 %D   Date (%m/%d/%y)

		 %h   Locale's abbreviated month name

		 %H   Hour as a decimal number (00-23)

		 %I   Hour as a decimal number (01-12)

		 %j   Day of year (001-366)

		 %m   Number of month (01-12)

		 %M   Minute number (00-59)

		 %n   Newline character

		 %p   Locale's equivalent to AM or PM

		 %r   Time in AM/PM notation

		 %S   Second number (00-59)

		 %t   Tab character

		 %T   Time (%H/%M/%S)

		 %U   Week number (00-53), Sunday as first day of week

		 %w   Weekday number (0[Sunday]-6)

		 %W   Week number (00-53), Monday as first day of week

		 %x   Locale's date representation

		 %X   Locale's time representation

		 %y   Year without century (00-99)

		 %Y   Year with century

		 %Z   Timezone name, no characters if no timezone

		 %%   %

Examples
       The following command line
       date +%m/%d/%y
       generates the following output
       04/02/89
       The following command line
       date +"DATE: %m/%d/%y%nTIME: %H:%M:%S"
       generates the following output
       DATE: 04/02/89
       TIME: 14:45:05
       The quotes (") are necessary because the format contains blank characters. Use single quotes (') to prevent interpretation by the shell.

Diagnostics
       Failed to set date: Not owner
	    You are not the super-user and you tryed to change the date.  Do not change the date while the system is running in multiuser mode.

Restrictions
       An attempt to set a date to before 1/1/1970 will result in the date being set to 1/1/1970.

Files
       /dev/kmem

																	   date(1)

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