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Sort based on Multiple Columns in UNIX


 
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# 1  
Old 07-16-2013
Sort based on Multiple Columns in UNIX

Hi,

I would like to sort a list in different ways:

1> Unique based on Field 1 with highest Field 4

For Instance Input:
Code:
1678923450;11112222333344;11-1x;2_File.xml
1678923450;11112222333344;11-1x;5_File.xml
1234567890;11113333222244;11-1x;3_File.xml

Output:
Code:
1234567890;11113333222244;11-1x;3_File.xml
1678923450;11112222333344;11-1x;5_File.xml

2> Unique based on Field 2, then Field 1 with highest Field 4

For Instance Input:
Code:
1234567890;11113333222244;11-1x;3_File.xml
1234567890;11112222333344;11-1x;1_File.xml
1678923450;11112222333344;11-1x;2_File.xml

Output:
Code:
1234567890;11112222333344;11-1x;1_File.xml
1678923450;11112222333344;11-1x;2_File.xml
1234567890;11113333222244;11-1x;3_File.xml


Last edited by Scott; 07-16-2013 at 02:22 AM.. Reason: Code tags, please...
# 2  
Old 07-16-2013
1>
Code:
sort -t\; -k1,1 -k4,4d infile | awk -F\; '!($1 in A) { print $0; A[$1] }'

2>
Code:
sort -t\; -k1,1 -k2,2 -k4,4d infile | awk -F\; '!($1$2 in A) { print $0; A[$1$2] }'

# 3  
Old 07-16-2013
Thanks for the reply.

1> Sorry but got this Code Output:
Code:
1234567890;11113333222244;11-1x;3_File.xml
1678923450;11112222333344;11-1x;2_File.xml

2> Code Output as expected.

Can you please explain the awk logic you've used so I can modify further for my reports?
# 4  
Old 07-16-2013
Sorry, should have checked my sort parameters the 4th field was supposed to be sorted in descending order to do the sort needs the r flag (not d) so your correct answers are:
Code:
sort -t\; -k1,1 -k4,4r infile | awk -F\; '!($1 in A) { print $0; A[$1] }'
sort -t\; -k1,1 -k2,2 -k4,4d infile | awk -F\; '!($1$2 in A) { print $0; A[$1$2] }'

For the awk logic:
-F\; use semicolon as the field separator, this allows awk to split the line up into $1, $2 ... $NF fields

!($1$2 in A) means only process lines where the value of field1 concatenated with field2 (your unique key) is not already in the array A

print $0 print the entire line

So in prints the first line where each unique key value occurs.

A[$1$2] add value field1 concatenated with field2 to the array A
This User Gave Thanks to Chubler_XL For This Post:
# 5  
Old 07-17-2013
Thanks.

Is there a way I can add a Counter Field at the end of each line. This Counter will keep a track of each occurrence of 1st Field.

For instance:
Code:
1234567890;11113333222244;11-1x;3_File.xml;Try-1
1234567890;11112222333344;11-1x;1_File.xml;Try-2
1678923450;11112222333344;11-1x;2_File.xml;Try-1

# 6  
Old 07-17-2013
Use something like this, using and array named C[] to keep track of your counter.

Code:
sort -t\; -k1,1 -k2,2r -k4,4r infile | awk -F\; '!($1$2 in A) { print $0 ";Try-" ++C[$1]; A[$1$2] }'

This User Gave Thanks to Chubler_XL For This Post:
# 7  
Old 07-18-2013
That worked perfectly. Thanks a lot!

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