Substring check in IF condition in shell script


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# 1  
Substring check in IF condition in shell script

I want to check if the string has the substring in IF condition then process...

i tried below but not working
Code:
if  [[ "$field" = reserved* || "$field" = fillspaces* ]];
then
.............

field can be "reserved1" ....reservedn / fillspaces1 ... fillspacesn
# 2  
In bash you can use the built-in regexp comparison operator =~
Code:
if [[ "$field" =~ reserved.* ]] || [[ "$field" =~ fillspaces.* ]]
then
        ...
fi

# 3  
i am using ksh .... "=~" is not working
# 4  
How about using grep command?
Code:
if echo "$field" | grep -q "reserved.*"
then
      ...
fi

# 5  
Builtin solution is to use case in every shell, if [[ ... regexp is not usable.

Code:
case "$field" in
     reserverd*|fillspaces* )  some 
                   ;;
esac

ksh93 and bash you can use [[ ]] testing with patterns. Condition Test.

It's not same as [ / test cmd.

Code:
a=teststring

if [[ $a = tes* ]] ; then
        echo y1
fi
if [[ $a = tes*r* ]] ; then
        echo y2
fi
if [[ $a = *g ]] ; then
        echo y3
fi
if [[ $a = *g*1 ]] ; then   # false, no echo
        echo y4
fi

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