awk if condition help

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# 1  
Old 03-28-2012
awk if condition help

Hi, I need little help with awk's if condition statement. I have following code:
$ ssh myRemotehost 'ps ww -fu tomcat ' | awk ' { if ($1 == "tomcat") print "tomcat (pid " $2 ") is running... "; else print "tomcat stopped or dead" }'


tomcat stopped or dead
tomcat (pid 12345) is running...

if I do the below command, it prints correctly :

$ ssh myRemotehost 'ps ww -fu tomcat ' | awk ' /tomcat/ { if ($1 == "tomcat") print "tomcat (pid " $2 ") is running... "; else print "tomcat stopped or dead" }'

tomcat (pid 12345) is running...

But the problem is when the tomcat is not detected by the ps command, i do not see any output where in I would like to see that "tomcat stopped or dead"

Can someone please help me refine this.

Thanks in advance.
# 2  
Old 03-28-2012
Put something that runs in the END { } block to print when it's dead or alive. Remember whether anything was found with a variable.

You've got quoting problems happening -- not just single quotes being needed for pipes, but that $1 is probably being interpreted as a shell variable somewhere along the line; the single quotes vanish once it gets to the other side of ssh!

When quoting starts getting that complicated I'd use a here-document and avoid quoting entirely. You can feed entire unmodified shell statement blocks into ssh raw that way, with no special quoting or escaping needed.

ssh remotehost exec /bin/sh -s <<"EOF"
ps ww -fu tomcat |
        awk '
        # Run this code block whenever $1 == "tomcat"
        $1 == "tomcat" { TOMCAT=$2 }
        END {
                if(TOMCAT) printf("tomcat(%s) is alive\n", TOMCAT);
                else            printf("tomcat stopped or dead\n"); }'
# The EOF here MUST be at the beginning of the line

# 3  
Old 03-28-2012
What is the output of
ssh myRemotehost 'ps ww -fu tomcat '

# 4  
Old 03-28-2012
tomcat    3613     1 18 Mar28 ?        Sl   552:53 /usr/bin/java -Djava.util.logging.config.file=/app/apache-tomcat/conf/ -XX:MaxPermSize=256M -Xms1024m -Xmx1024m -server -javaagent:/app/apache-tomcat/lib/aspectjweaver.jar -Djava.util.logging.manager=org.apache.juli.ClassLoaderLogManager -Djava.endorsed.dirs=/app/apache-tomcat/endorsed -classpath :/app/apache-tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar -Dcatalina.base=/app/apache-tomcat -Dcatalina.home=/app/apache-tomcat org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap start

---------- Post updated at 04:58 PM ---------- Previous update was at 04:46 PM ----------

Hi Corona688,

what you proposed looks good but when i plug that in my script i get error: "syntax error: unexpected end of file". Not sure how it works

Last edited by Scrutinizer; 03-28-2012 at 10:39 PM.. Reason: Added [Code] tags [/CODE]
# 5  
Old 03-28-2012
Is that EOF at the beginning of the line? It MUST BE at the beginning of the line. If it's not, it won't consider it the end of the here-document, and will eat the entire file then complain about EOF.

When I copy-paste that code into my own shell, it works fine except I don't have a topcat user so ps complains...
# 6  
Old 03-28-2012
Alternatively try:
ssh myRemotehost 'ps ww -fu tomcat' | awk '/[o]rg.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap/{pid=$2} END{if (pid) print "tomcat (pid " pid ") is running..."; else { print "tomcat stopped or dead"; exit 1 }}'

The [o] is not really necessary, since the ps is run on the remote host and awk on the local host, but then you could reuse the code to check on the local host too... I added an exit statement so you can also check the return code..
The check needs to be in the END part like Corona688 suggested, otherwise you cannot conclude that it is not running.

Last edited by Scrutinizer; 03-28-2012 at 11:36 PM..
# 7  
Old 03-29-2012
Thanks both of you for the input / suggestions. It was really helpful. Smilie
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