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Help with a For loop and variables

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# 1  
Old 11-03-2011
Help with a For loop and variables

Greetings. I'm completely new to shell scripting and quickly trying to catch on. Here's my scenario:

I have a text file, named ip.txt, containing IP addresses. I want to automatically perform a whois query on each address in the file, search the output for the country, and then put both the IP address and the corresponding country together into a new file.

Here's what I've come up with so far:

for i in `cat ./ip.txt`; do whois $i | grep -i 'country:'>>./country.txt; done
The problem with this, obviously, is that it doesn't list the IP address in the output file.

To the best that I can tell, I somehow need to store the grep results as a variable, and then maybe echo both variables into a new file.

Am I on the right track?

In the event that it matters, the system I'm trying to do this on is Debian 6.0.3.

# 2  
Old 11-03-2011
That's a dangerous use of backticks and useless use of cat. A 'while read' loop will be safer and faster.

You also don't need to reopen the same file 9000 times when processing 9000 IP addresses -- you can redirect the input and output of entire code blocks once instead of things inside them over and over.

Yes, store the result in a variable then print them both.

while read IP
        COUNTRY=$(whois "$IP" | grep -i "country:")
        echo "$IP: $COUNTRY"
done < ip.txt > out.txt

This User Gave Thanks to Corona688 For This Post:
# 3  
Old 11-03-2011
Wow, I obviously have a lot to learn. Smilie

Thank you very much.

edit: removed duplicate
# 4  
Old 11-03-2011
Some of these things are less than obvious, for sure. I don't know where everyone picks up `cat file` though.
# 5  
Old 11-03-2011
Originally Posted by Corona688
Some of these things are less than obvious, for sure. I don't know where everyone picks up `cat file` though.
In my case, Google. Smilie

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