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How to convert a single column into several columns?


 
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# 1  
Old 06-06-2011
How to convert a single column into several columns?

Hi

I have a ksh script which gives me the output as a single column with several rows like:

AAA
BBB
CCC
DDD
EEE
FFF
GGG
HHH
III

I want to be able to create a new file from this file which allows me to set the number of rows and columns in the new file, i.e. for this example, if I specify 3 rows and 3 columns, the output should look like

file.txt:

AAA DDD GGG
BBB EEE HHH
CCC FFF III


Is it possible to do this in Unix using sed command and in comma separated?

I tried

cat file.txt | sed 'N;N;s/\n/,/g'

but its giving me wrong output.


Thank You,
Pinpe
# 2  
Old 06-06-2011
Try this.
Code:
cgi@tioman> (/home/cgi) $ awk -v col=3 '{if(NR%col){printf "%s ",$0 }else {printf "%s\n",$0}} ' test.txt
AA BBB CCC
DDD EEE FFF
GGG HHH III
cgi@tioman> (/home/cgi) $

But i think you can set any one rows / columns and the other goes depends on your file size.
# 3  
Old 06-06-2011
Code:
perl -0ane 'BEGIN{$cols=3}END{for($i=0;$i<=$#F;$i++){print "$F[$i]\t"; print "\n" if((($i+1) % $cols) == 0)}}' inp

Her I have given the cols a 3. You can change it as per ur req
# 4  
Old 06-06-2011
Hi getmmg/kumaran_5555,

Thanks for the prompt response but..

My desired output should be like this...

AAA DDD GGG
BBB EEE HHH
CCC FFF III

Your script output is this...

AAA BBB CCC
DDD EEE FFF
GGG HHH III


Br,
Pete
# 5  
Old 06-06-2011
Using Awk
Code:
awk '{A[(NR-1)%3]=A[(NR-1)%3]$0" ";next}END{for(i in A)print A[i]}' your_infile


Last edited by tukuyomi; 06-06-2011 at 09:11 AM..
# 6  
Old 06-06-2011
We all missed that. :-)
Try this one, again you have freedom to choose only the rows. This works on linux.

Code:
cgi@tioman> (/home/cgi) $ awk -v row=3 '{arr[NR%row]=arr[NR%row]" "$0} END{n=asort(arr);for(i=1;i<=n;i++){print arr[i]}} ' test.txt
 AA DDD GGG
 BBB EEE HHH
 CCC FFF III

# 7  
Old 06-06-2011
This should work

Code:
perl -lne 'BEGIN{$cols=3;$i=0}; $hash{$i}.= "$_ "; $i++; $i=0 if($i == $cols); END{print $_ for values %hash}' inp


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