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Fixed length fields

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# 1  
Old 05-05-2011
Fixed length fields

HPUX and posix shell

Hi all.

I have a record with fixed length fields....I would like to reorder the fields and preserver the fixed lengths....

cat test
4 960025460           Dept of Music                                           
8 960025248           Dept of Music 12-08

cat newtest
960025460            4 Dept of Music                                           
960025248            8 Dept of Music 12-08

I can get it done with this awk line, but I need to preserve the field lengths....this command will not.
awk 'begin{fieldwidths = "1 51 49"}; {print $2 $1 $3}' test > newtest

Anyone have a sed line or a better awk line?

Moderator's Comments:
Mod Comment
Please use code tags when posting data and code samples!

Last edited by vgersh99; 05-05-2011 at 05:58 PM.. Reason: code tags, please!
# 2  
Old 05-05-2011
sed 's/^\(.\{2\}\)\(.\{10\}\)/\2\1/' test >newtest

Last edited by Scott; 05-05-2011 at 06:04 PM.. Reason: Code tags...
# 3  
Old 05-05-2011
A bit verbose, but....
gawk 'BEGIN{FIELDWIDTHS="1 51 49";orderN=split("2 1 3", orderA)}; {for(i=1;i in orderA;i++)printf("%*s%c",FIELDWIDTH[i],$orderA[i],(i==orderN)?ORS:"") }' myFile

# 4  
Old 05-05-2011
awk '{print substr($0,3,20) substr($0,1,2) substr($0,23)}' infile

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