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To find number of char occur

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# 1  
Old 03-30-2010
To find number of char occur

To find out number of "|" symbol is available in file:




I am using below set of commands,It is working... Anybody have anyother solution using sed / awk.
    cnt=`wc -c <1.txt`
    cnt1=`tr -d "|" <1.txt >c.dat`
    cnt2=`wc -c <c.dat`
    outp=`expr $cnt - $cnt2`

Thanks in advance.

Last edited by radoulov; 03-30-2010 at 07:10 AM.. Reason: Please use code tags!
# 2  
Old 03-30-2010
% print 'a|b|c|d|z' | awk -F\| '$0=NF-1'

For 0 occurrences you won't get any output.
# 3  
Old 03-30-2010
It is really great. Can you please explain the working follow of above awk command.

Thanks a lot for your help.
# 4  
Old 03-30-2010
It sets the pipe as a input field separator and then sets the internal variable $0 (the current input record) to the number of fields - 1.
# 5  
Old 03-30-2010
another way in Perl.
perl -pe '$_ = s#\|#\|#g'  < input_file 

# 6  
Old 03-30-2010

% perl -le'print shift=~tr/|//' 'a|b|c|d|z'

# 7  
Old 03-30-2010

echo 'a|b|c|d|z' | tr -dc '|' | wc -c

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